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POLS 209 Chapter Outlines 7

POLS 209 Chapter Outlines 7 - The Determinist Argument All...

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Unformatted text preview: The Determinist Argument: All our actions are caused by forces over which we have no control. And if we have no control over our actions, we are not free. Responses: Libertarianism: some actions are free because they are not causally determined Compatibilism: even if all actions are causally determined, we can still be free Libertarianism: Some human acts are undetermined 1. Argument from experience: we are conscious of deliberating and thinking of ourselves as free to have done otherwise Objection: this could be self-deception 2. Indeterminism: like sub-atomic events, free actions are only probable, not determined Objection: if free actions are random or only probable events, then we could not control or be responsible for them More Libertarian Arguments 1. The impossibility of self-prediction: any prediction of our own behavior would affect (and thus change) that behavior Objection: predicting what we will do does not necessarily affect what we do 2. Moral accountability: if we are not free, then moral responsibility makes no sense Objection: maybe regret, guilt, and moral responsibility are unjustified ...
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