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Midterm_Study_Guide_Answers[1] - Midterm#1 Study Guide 1...

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Midterm #1 Study Guide 1. Differences between the Chinese and Japanese images or stereotypes that were shown in the TV episodes in class The Japanese culture is shown to accept humiliation (Simpsons & Game shows) insensitive to social norms Simple minded—easily entertained by flashy things (Simpsons) Follow fads—Followers, rather than leaders (South Park) Anti-American, main goal of the Japanese government officials is to control the US and take over (or that’s the stereotype) Self-sacrifice and torture are a major part of Japanese culture as opposed to American way of everyone wanting the best for themselves Punish self for shortcomings because of expectations In the Karate Kid, Mr. Miaggi uses intimidation rather than actual violence to take revenge and prove a point American game shows reward intelligence vs Japanese game shows punish Asian women on TV shown as dragon woman or subservient (Lucy Liu always dragon) 2. The Soviet Model and the Maoist Model of Development The Soviet Model: - Favored capitalism (industrialization) – through money and technology - Capital intensive - Foundation – class struggle as well as the Marx structure - Reliance on Soviet experts and well educated Chinese The Maoist Model: - Favored communism (industrialization) and production – through human labor - Took into account China’s low development, high levels of poverty, and large population - Great Leap Forward was his model of development—way to rapidly accelerate industrialization *Issues and current situations different in each country 3. Feudalism in Japan 1. Closed social classes—no room for class mobility 2. Hierarchy of power is clearly defined a. Lowest of the social classes were the merchants (could not own land, could only reinvest in own enterprises) b. Landlords were higher rank than merchants c. First loyalty was to the state/government; second loyalty was to the family 3. Identification of each individual as responsible to some other individual above him in the hierarchy and related to others not in the hierarchical line because of his superior’s relationship with him (Relationship of A and D will tell you relationship between C and D) 4. Distribution of goods and services is on a basis of ranks, which come from the hierarchy Significance of Feudalism in Japan: - Key concept in Levy’s social theorist argument of more rapid industrialization in Japan than in China
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- Japanese businesses became stronger because the merchants could not invest their money in land; they could not invest their money in their own enterprises 4. Deng Xiaoping and his legacy - Chinese Communist leader who served as the de facto ruler of China from 1976 – 1997 - Under his ruling, China became one of the fastest growing economies in the world - After working in factories, he experienced the first hand account of a worker’s harsh life which led him to join the Chinese Communist Party (which had been founded in 1921 by Zhou Enlai) -
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