67_Vietnam1.ppt - Americas most unpopular war Cost LBJ his second term to Richard Nixon Americas longest and most expensive war Divided America on the

67_Vietnam1.ppt - Americas most unpopular war Cost LBJ his...

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America’s most unpopular war Cost LBJ his second term to Richard Nixon America’s longest and most expensive war Divided America on the homefront The best technical war money could buy America hardly ever lost a tactical battle A war America did not win A war America did not win Today, we are living with the “ghosts of Vietnam”. Today, we are living with the “ghosts of Vietnam”.
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Background of the War Background of the War According to President Eisenhower’s domino theory , if one Southeast Asian nation fell to communism, others would soon follow. Ho Chi Minh, a pro-Communist leader in Vietnam, led a group called the Vietminh against French control of his nation before, during, and after World War II. After the Vietminh successfully defeated the French in 1954, a peace agreement called the Geneva Accords divided Vietnam into Communist North Vietnam and anti-Communist South Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh led North Vietnam, while Ngo Dinh Diem led South Vietnam. The United States began providing economic aid to the French in Vietnam in 1950. In 1960, President Eisenhower sent hundreds of military advisors to help South Vietnam’s struggle against the North.
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Communist Expansion “CONTAINMENT” Communist Expansion “CONTAINMENT” China 1949 Soviet Union 1918 Korean War 1950 to 1953 Eastern Europe 1946 CONTAINMENT Marshall Plan Berlin Airlift NATO Korean War Cuban Missile Crisis Alliance for Progress Peace Corps Berlin Blockade 1947-8 X X Vietnam War 1946 to 1975 US Involvement 1965 to 1975 Cuban Missile Crisis * X X X X *Cuba would remain and still is a communist country.
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Southeast Asian Southeast Asian Conflict Conflict A Chronology of Events A Chronology of Events Southeast Asian Conflict A Chronology of Events A Chronology of Events
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Ho Chi Minh North Vietnamese Army Communist insurgents Revolt against the South Vietnamese Govt VC VC = Viet Cong or South Vietnamese guerrillas Ngo Dinh Diem South Vietnamese Army United States North Vietnam leader Free of foreign interference Re-unite Vietnam under Ho Chi Minh as communists Dictator of SVN Used US aid to keep power Feared Communist takeover of South Vietnam Supported Diem to keep SVN free US willing to commit troops INDIVIDUALS/GROUPS POINT OF VIEW INDIVIDUALS / GROUPS POINT OF VIEW war sides
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“You can kill 10 of my men for every one I kill of yours, yet even at those odds, you will lose and I will win” “I first met Ho on the China border between China and Indochina in the last days of April of 1945. He was an interesting individual. Very sensitive, very gentle, rather a frail type. We spoke quite at length about the general situation, not only in Indochina, but the world at large.”– ARCHIMEDES PATTI (OSS Officer) Founder of the Vietnamese Communist Party Traveled for almost 30 years around the world.
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