America’s most unpopular warCost LBJ his second term to Richard NixonAmerica’s longest and most expensive warDivided America on the homefrontThe best technical war money could buyAmerica hardly ever lost a tactical battleA war America did not winA war America did not winToday, we are living with the “ghosts of Vietnam”.Today, we are living with the “ghosts of Vietnam”.
Background of the WarBackground of the War•According to President Eisenhower’s domino theory, if one Southeast Asian nation fell to communism, others would soon follow.•Ho Chi Minh, a pro-Communist leader in Vietnam, led a group called the Vietminh against French control of his nation before, during, and after World War II. •After the Vietminh successfully defeated the French in 1954, a peace agreement called the Geneva Accords divided Vietnam into Communist North Vietnam and anti-Communist South Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh led North Vietnam, while Ngo Dinh Diem led South Vietnam. •The United States began providing economic aid to the French in Vietnam in 1950. In 1960, President Eisenhower sent hundreds of military advisors to help South Vietnam’s struggle against the North.
Communist Expansion“CONTAINMENT”Communist Expansion“CONTAINMENT”China1949Soviet Union1918Korean War1950 to 1953Eastern Europe1946CONTAINMENT•Marshall Plan•Berlin Airlift•NATO•Korean War•Cuban Missile Crisis•Alliance for Progress•Peace CorpsBerlin Blockade 1947-8XXVietnam War1946 to 1975US Involvement1965 to 1975Cuban Missile Crisis *XXXX*Cuba would remain and still is a communist country.
Southeast Asian Southeast Asian ConflictConflictA Chronology of EventsA Chronology of EventsSoutheast Asian ConflictA Chronology of EventsA Chronology of Events
Ho Chi Minh –North Vietnamese Army –Communist insurgentsRevolt against the South Vietnamese Govt–VCVC= Viet Cong or South Vietnamese guerrillas Ngo Dinh Diem–South Vietnamese Army United StatesNorth Vietnam leaderFree of foreign interferenceRe-unite Vietnam under Ho Chi Minh as communistsDictator of SVNUsed US aid to keep powerFeared Communist takeover of South VietnamSupported Diem to keep SVN freeUS willing to commit troopsINDIVIDUALS/GROUPSPOINT OF VIEWINDIVIDUALS/GROUPSPOINT OF VIEWwar sides
“You can kill 10 of my men for every one I kill of yours, yet even at those odds, you will lose and I will win” “I first met Ho on the China border between China and Indochina in the last days of April of 1945. He was an interesting individual. Very sensitive, very gentle, rather a frail type. We spoke quite at length about the general situation, not only in Indochina, but the world at large.”– ARCHIMEDES PATTI (OSS Officer)•Founder of the Vietnamese Communist Party•Traveled for almost 30 years around the world.