philosophy outline

Philosophy outline - Shame FEAR Holiness JUSTI CE THE GOOD VI SI BLE REALM I NTELLI GI BLE REALM Knowledge of shadows hadows—delusions/illusions

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Shame FEAR Holiness JUSTI CE THE GOOD VI SI BLE REALM I NTELLI GI BLE REALM Knowledge of shadows hadows—delusions/illusions derstanding, day-to-day knowledge, real things Perception Understanding Mathematical objects For ms (ideas) Reason (dialectic) What is Philosophy? • Involves a lot of questions • Philosophy = no assumptions. Rather, asks question about why we should assume ⇒ Metaphysics asking questions that go beyond physics and the ability of science Example: “Is there a God?” –can’t use experiments to answer • Asks the BIG questions • Different from science and religion • Philosophy acknowledges human ignorance • Teaches you to think for yourself ⇒ Ph lia ī Greek word for Love (friendship kind) + Soph a ī Greek word for wisdom =Philosophy Love of Wisdom = Philosopher yearns for wisdom, but does not have what he or she seeks Branches of Philosophy • Ethics right/wrong; good/bad in a systematic way • Metaphysics going beyond sciene, asks questions that goes beyond science ⇒ Example: “What is the nature of space and time? Real or human projections?” • Logic the rules of correct argument • Aesthetics Concerns nature of art & beauty ⇒ Example: “Is beauty objective or subjective?” • Epistemology theory of knowledge ⇒ Example: “How do you know that you are not dreaming?” Why Study Philosophy? • Thinking for yourself is VERY important • “What does it mean to live a good life?” = philosophic question that we all should be asking “An unexamined life is not worth living.” -Socrates Early Philosophers • Ar istotle ⇒ Pupil of Plato who was a pupil of Socrates Gives us history of philosophy According to Aristotle, the first philosopher was Thales (ThAlees) • Thales—624 -> 546 B.C.E. ⇒ Amateur scientist predicted an eclipse, soldier He said “ Everything is water.” This made him a philosopher ^ Is a philosophic statement because he t ries to go beyond what experience tells us and t ries to explain our experiences Perhaps answers “ What is being?” For Thales, water is the fundamental substance that underlies everything • Heraclitus—fl.(ourishing) 504 B.C.E ⇒ Said “ Everything is fire” Fi re captures the reality that everything is in flux; f lux= flicker of flame; fire captures the nature of being Need opposite poles to maintain the f lame; flickering flame = the continuat ion of universe Offers a solut ion to “ The Problem of Evil” • Pythagoras ⇒ Philosopher, mathematician, possible musician ⇒ Said that numbers are the key to the universe o Preserve rat io 6:8:12 o 6 12 = octave 8-> 12 = 5 th 6->8 = 4...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 03/27/2008 for the course PHL 107 taught by Professor White during the Fall '07 term at Creighton.

Page1 / 9

Philosophy outline - Shame FEAR Holiness JUSTI CE THE GOOD VI SI BLE REALM I NTELLI GI BLE REALM Knowledge of shadows hadows—delusions/illusions

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online