textbook notes.docx - Chapter 1 Sociological Perspective...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 64 pages.

Chapter 1: Sociological Perspective The Sociological Perspective - Sociology possesses the singular perspective to help you understand your private issue as part of a larger social problem  like school debt Seeing the Broader Social Context - Sociological Perspective = the social contexts in which people live and how these contents influence their lives - Sociological Imagination = Coined by Wright Mills (1959) a sociological vision/way to looking at the world that allows links between the apparently private problems of the individual and social issues grasp the connection between history and biography o People don t do what they do because of inherited characteristics they do it because of external influences like where and when we live - Society = group of people with whom they share a culture/territory - Social Location = income/education/age/ethnicity Levels of Sociological Analysis    Macro and Microsociology - Macrosociology = focuses on the broad features of society  used to analyze social class and patriarchy stress the broad features of society o Ex. looking at student debt Macro view  stress that uni students come from different classes in the social system o Low income families = harder to get job in future = more student debt  lack of cultural capital - Microsociology = emphasis on social interaction/what people do when they come together emphasis on face to face social interaction, language/discourse o Ex. how diff cultured/social class kids in uni handle the resources they re given - The Growing Global Context o Our world is becoming a global marketplace internet, NAFTA, WTO Sociology and The Other Sciences - Sociology is a scientific study of society and human behaviour - Sociology s place can be divided into natural and social sciences o Natural Science intellectual and academic disciplines used to explain/predict events in our natural environment Biology, geology, chemistry, physics o Social Science attempt to understand the social world Political science, economics, anthro, psych, sociology
Sociology doesn ’t concentrate on a single social institution and stress factors external to the individual to see what influences ppl - The Goals of Science o Goal #1: To describe and explain why something happens o Goal #2: To make generalizations look for patterns/reoccurring events o Goal #3: To predict what will happen in light of your current knowledge The Origins of Sociology - Emerged in the middle of the 19 th century - Three factors combined to lead to the development of Sociology o Industrial Revolution city life, low pay, long work hours, factory work Jean Jacques Rousseau and John Locke led people to believe that they are in control and can own land/rights o Imperialism Soc. took on task of understanding social changes happening in rich cities of Europe/North America o Success of Natural Sciences scientific method was used to acquire knowledge based on empirical evidence People    Origins of Sociology August Comte founder of French positivism

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture