REVIEW: PROTEIN SYNTHESIS ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF PROTEIN SYNTHESIS 1. In the boxes, below the diagram, label each of the following structures or processes. STRUCTURES (ANATOMY) B Translation C Transporting to cytoplasm D tRNA E Ribosome
Codons. Anticodon. PROCESSES (PHYSIOLOGY) A mRNA Transcription F Amino acid Answer each of the following questions: 7. Where does transcription of DNA into mRNA occur? In the nucleus. 8. Where does translation of mRNA to polypeptide synthesis occur? In ribosomes, which are in the cytoplasm. 9. When a molecule of RNA is assembled from a DNA template, a specific set of bases is used. For each of the bases listed, in the table below, indicate the complementary base used in building an mRNA molecule on the right. Adenine (A) U Thymine (T) A Guanine (G) C Cytosine (C) G 10. During translation, nitrogenous bases are read by the ribosome in groups of 11. These groups of three are called 12. Each tRNA molecule contains the corresponding set of bases for each codon. These sets are called 13. What is the start codon?