Ch. 7 PP Religion (4).pptx - Religion Chapter 7 Key...

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Religion Chapter 7
What is Religion and What Role does it Play in Culture? Key Question:
Government Impact on Religion The Soviet Union: - Had an official policy of atheism - Discouraged religious practice - Drew boundaries for political control that separated ethnic groups in small areas
Armenia and Azerbaijan Soviet Union’s divide-and-diminish plan
Religion “a system of beliefs and practices that attempts to order life in terms of culturally perceived ultimate priorities.” - Stoddard and Prorak “perceived ultimate priorities” often translate into a list of things a follower “should” do and ways a follower “should” behave.
Disposition of the Deceased - Each religion approaches the disposition of the deceased in different ways, and cultural landscapes reflect the religious traditions. Hindu crematoriu m in Mombasa, Kenya
Antwerp, Belgium Religion’s impact in history and culture is evident in its centrality in many places
Describe how religion and language affect and change each other to shape cultures. (Consider what happens to a society’s religion and language when a different religion or language diffuses into the place).
Where did the Major Religions of the World Originate, and How do Religions Diffuse? Key Question:
Classifications of Religions Monotheistic religions – worship a single deity. Polytheistic religions – worship more than one deity, even thousands. Animistic religions – belief that inanimate objects posses spirits and should be revered.
Classifications of Religions Universalizing religions – religions that actively seek converts because members believe they offer belief systems of universal appropriateness and appeal. Ethnic religions – religions whose adherents are born into the faith and whose members do not actively seek converts.
Religions of the World Where are universalizing religions located? Where are ethnic religions located?
Hearths of Religion and Philosophy by 500 BCE
From the Hearth of South Asia
WARM UP 1. WHAT ARE THE 5 MAJOR RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD AND THEIR HEARTH. 2. GIVE AN EXAMPLE FOR EACH MAJOR RELIGION IN TERMS OF CULTURAL LANDSCAPE. 3. GIVE 3 EXAMPLES OF HOW RELIGION PLAYED A ROLE IN POLITICAL CONFLICTS.
From the Hearth of South Asia Hinduism – originated in Indus River Valley over 4000 years ago. * ritual bathing, karma, reincarnation sacred text: Vedas sacred sites: Ganges River social manifestation: caste system diffusion: through South Asia and into Southeast Asia
Hindu Temple – Angkor Wat, Cambodia. This temple suffers from neglect and destruction now, as Buddhism has supplanted Hinduism in most of Cambodia.
Background image
From the Hearth of South Asia

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