BSCI201 Final Exam Outline.docx - Exam 1 Material Define...

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Exam 1 MaterialDefine anatomy and physiologyAnatomical termsStructure defines functionBody PlanesoFrontaloSagittalMidsagittal and ParasagittaloTransverse2 Body CavitiesoDorsal body cavityMembranes = meningesoVentral Body CavityMembranes = serousAdvantages of compartmentalization6 levels of structural organizationHomeostasiso10/11 organs systems are needed to maintain homeostasisThe Chemical LevelAtomoContains shells that contain electronsoNucleus with protons and neutronsHow atoms attain stabilityoIonic bondingoCovalent bondingoHydrogen bondingReactivity of atomsoBased on how complete valence electron shells areTwo Types of Compound in the body1.Inorganic Compoundsa.Waterb.Acidc.Based.Salts-Blood pH = 7.35-7.45-Understand how buffer systemsmaintain pH levels of blood2.Organic Compoundsa.CARBOHYDRATESi.Monosaccharides- hexose and pentose
ii.Disaccharides- maltose (glucose glucose), lactose (glucose galactose),sucrose (glucose fructose)iii.Polysaccharides- glycogen and starchb.LIPIDSi.Lipoproteins1.vLDL2.LDL3.HDLii.4 types pf lipids1.Neutral fats (saturated and unsaturated fats)a.Atherosclerotic plaque formation – Saturated Fatsi.Emboliii.Plaque formation in small vs. large vessel2.Phospholipids3.Steroids4.Eicosanoidsa.Arachidonic acid, leukotrienes, prostaglandinsb.Impact of aspirinc.Thrombus vs embolic.PROTEINSi.4 structural levels of proteinii.Fibrous vs. Globular proteinsd.NUCLEIC ACIDSi.Compare and comtrast DNA to RNACellular Level3 parts of a cell: Plasma Membrane, Cytoplasm, NucleusPlasma membrane hasoCholesteroloMembrane proteins (integral and peripheral)Functions of membrane proteins1.Transport2.Membrane Bound enxymes3.Receptors4.Form intercellular junctions (tight, desmosomes, gap)5.Cell cell recognitiona.Glycocalyx ( cancer)6.CytoskeletonMembrane Transport1.Passive transporta.Diffusion (concentration gradient)
i.Simpleii.Facilitated(shows specificity and saturation)iii.OsmosisoTonicity, hypertonic, hypotonicoLyse, crenateoRBC has 0.9% NaCl and 5% glucoseb.Filtration (pressure gradient)2.Active Processa.Active transport (shows specificity and saturation)b.Vesicular Transporti.Exocytosisii.Endocytosis1.Phagocytosisa.Lysosomes and lysozymes2.Pinocytosis3.Receptor Mediated Endocytosis (shows specificity andsaturation)Special types of transportoTranscytosisoVesicular/ vehicular traffickingCytoplasmic organellesMembranous OrganelleMitochondria – power houseoSelf replicatingSmooth ER - detoxificationRough ER – membrane factoryGolgi apparatus – traffic director of cellLysosomePeroxisomeNon-membranous OrganelleoRibosome- 2 types1. Free ribosome2. Bound ribosomeofunctional ribosomemade of small and large ribosomal subuniteach subunit has rRNA and proteinoCytoskeleton- 3 types1. Microtubules form…
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Term
Fall
Professor
Sarah Lombardi
Tags
Physiology, Anatomy, Membranes, skeletal muscle contraction, Dense Irregular CT

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