Chapter 19I. Perspective Question (Your response should be 4-10 sentence in length.)What was life like for the working poor in America's cities in the early years of the 1900s? Be as specific as possible.II. Key Concepts (The following questions can be answered with short-answer responses.)The Social Gospeldid not believe in Social Darwinism, whose focus was on “survival of the fittest,” and not on Jesus-inspired kindness.Among the functions of progressivesincluded teaching new immigrants how to become and live like middle class Americans, providing meeting places for local residents to hold political and community meetings, observing the poor to find out their needs and study social conditions in the community, and providing free health care for the poor.In Twenty Years at Hull House (1910) Jane Addamswrote that her work at Hull House, which she founded, had given her life meaning for the first time.Unlike the Anti-Saloon League Women’s Christian Temperance League(which was mostly composed of men, like prominent leader Wayne Wheeler), the women-dominated _______________________ pushed for local, mandatory education programs on the evils of alcohol.The Galvestonhurricane of 1900 helped spur demands that local and state governments be more responsive to people's needs.The initiativeand the referendumallowed citizens to collect a few thousand signatures on a petition to get their idea on a ballot.Progressive governor Robert "Battling Bob" La Follette secured passage of his "Wisconsin Idea," which created commissions of experts that produced laws to conserve natural resources, regulate railroad companies, and implement workers' compensation.President Theodoreconsidered the White House to be a "bully pulpit" from which he could intervene in national affairs.When President Theodore Roosevelt spoke of his "square deal," he referred to his fair and balanced approach to the relationship between labor and business.The Sherman Antitrust Actwas the federal government's first attempt to break up monopolies, one not widely used until Theodore Roosevelt took office as President.Unhappy with the way his successor, William Howard Taf, was running the country, Theodore Roosevelt formed the progressiveParty and ran against him.The Federal Reserve Actestablished a regional banking system under control of the federal government.