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EW-TruthInLabeling.pdf - National Education Association...

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National Education Association
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National Education Association
The National Education Association is the nation’s largest professional employee organization,representing 3.2 million elementary and secondary teachers, related service providers,education support professionals, college faculty, school administrators,retired educators, and students preparing to become teachers.Additional copies of this publication can be purchased through theNEA Professional Library, 1-800-229-4200.Reproduction:No part of this manual may be reproduced in any formwithout permission from NEA, except by NEA-affiliated associations.Any reproduction of the material must include theusual credit line and copyright notice.Printing history:1stedition 2007Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication DataTruth in labeling : disproportionality in special education.p. cm.Includes bibliographical references.ISBN 978-0-8106-2040-71.Special education—United States. 2.Discrimination in education—UnitedStates. 3.Educational equalization—United States. 4.Children of minorities—Education—United States—Evaluation. I.National Education Association of theUnited States. II.National Association of School Psychologists.LC3981.T78 2007371.90973–dc222007023825
iiiIntroduction................................................................................................................................1Why is disproportionality a concern?..................................................................................2Call to action.......................................................................................................................................3What is disproportionality?.............................................................................................5A complex issue................................................................................................................................5Over- and under-representation...................................................................................6Gifted and/or talented programs.................................................................................7English language learners.................................................................................................7Special education categories..........................................................................................8The gender difference.........................................................................................................9Restrictive environments...................................................................................................9Disciplinary actions.............................................................................................................10Contributing Factors..........................................................................................................13A conundrum of policies and procedures.....................................................................13Collecting and reporting the right data................................................................13Definitions linked to disproportionality.................................................................14Gifted and/or talented programs...............................................................................14Assessment policies and practices............................................................................15Intensified by local policies............................................................................................16Questions to ask..............................................................................................................................16Making a Difference............................................................................................................19Local practices lead to positive change.........................................................................19Academic language proficiency.................................................................................20Quality early childhood opportunities....................................................................21Early intervening services................................................................................................21Response-to-intervention..............................................................................................22Positive behavioral supports.........................................................................................23Classroom management skills......................................................................................24Culturally responsive teaching.....................................................................................25Culturally responsive assessment...............................................................................26Parent/family and community partnerships.......................................................27Questions to ask..............................................................................................................................28Initiating Change..................................................................................................................31References..................................................................................................................................33Resources.....................................................................................................................................37Acknowledgements............................................................................................................45
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1Truth in Labeling:Disproportionality in Special EducationMs. Sutton moves about her fourth grade classroom checking to see whichof her students continues to have difficulty with the newly introduced mathprocess of long division.Suddenly, a loud crash draws her attention awayfrom helping students to the commotion in the center of the room.Fallendesks and papers cover the floor.Willie stands in the middle of the havoc.Ms. Sutton breathes deeply.

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Term
Spring
Professor
Jeff
Tags
The Land, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, CLD

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