classics exam 2 study guide.docx - MEDEA GRANDFATHER Helius(the sun FATHER Aeetes(king of colchis JASON Leader of the Argonauts in their quest for the

classics exam 2 study guide.docx - MEDEA GRANDFATHER...

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MEDEA: GRANDFATHER: Helius (the sun) FATHER: Aeetes (king of colchis) JASON: Leader of the Argonauts in their quest for the golden fleece. FATHER: Aeson MOTHER: Polymede UNCLE: Pelius AESON : FATHER: Cretheus MOTHER: Tyro BACKGROUND : ATHAMAS (Boiotian king) took as a wife NEPHELE, and had 2 children PHRIXUS and HELLE. NEPHELE returned to sky. ATHAMAS, after his first wife Nephele returned to the sky, then married INO, daughter of CADMUS. INO attempted to destroy her stepchildren PHRIXUS and HELLE. She persuaded Boeotian women to parch the seed grain, nothing grew, which led to famine Athamas consulted Delphi, and Delphi said to sacrifice Phrixus, his son, to end famine. At sacrifice, NEPHELE took her children PHRIXUS and HELLE to the sky on a golden-fleeced ram. Helle fell off and drowned. Phrixus went to Colchis, in the Black Sea, was received by king Aeetes (son of Helius, brother of Circe and Pasiphae). Phrixus sacrificed the ram, gave the golden Fleece to king Aeetes, hung it up on an oak tree, grove sacred to Ares, guarded by a never-sleeping snake. Fleece became goal for a hero’s quest. STORY : Jason was brought up by Centaur Chiron up in mount Pelion in Thessaly after his uncle Pelias took Jason’s father’s throne of Iolcus. Jason returned to Iolcus, with a plan to regain the throne his uncle stole from his father, Aeson. Pelias says he'll give up the throne as Jason brings him the Golden Fleece, which is held in the far away land of Colchis. (Pelias knew he was fated to be killed by “the man with one sandal, the “mono-sandalos” because the oracle had told him so). Jason accepts the quest anyway and assembles a team or crew of heroes to go with him, known as the Argo. When they finally arrive in Colchis, King Aeëtes says that Jason can have the Fleece just as long he completes three nearly impossible tasks. The tasks were to yoke a pair of fire-breathing bulls, ploughed field, sowed it with dragon’s teeth, killed armed men that sprang from teeth. Jason has no idea how he’ll get these difficult jobs done. HERA, the queen of the gods, sees Jason’s situation and wants to help. She makes Medea, King Aeëtes's daughter, fall in love with Jason. When it comes time for Jason to do the tasks, Medea gives the hero a special ointment to rub on his skin that protects him through the tasks. After completion, Jason grabs the Golden Fleece, and with Medea and the Argonauts, he heads back. Jason carries the Golden Fleece into the city, ready to finally take his throne from Pelias. Pelias refused to yield the throne. Medea caused his death, she conspired to have Pelias' own daughters kill him. She told them she could turn an old ram into a young ram by cutting up the old ram and boiling it. During the demonstration, a live, young ram jumped out of the pot. (Medea rejuvenated ram to make the daughters think she would do the same for their father) Excited, the girls cut their father into pieces and threw them into a pot, in the expectation that he would emerge rejuvenated. Pelias did not survive. Jason was still not made king, because he was

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