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MexicaoID: Chichimec “barbarian” invaders from the North Aztec Ethnic Group Founded Tenochitilan Central Mexico (Lake Texcoco) 1300 – 1521 oSignificance: peoples being from the North forced Aztec to legitimize rule via requiring histories to form prophecy of their rule ConvivenciaoID:Religious tolerance/peaceful coexistence of Christian, Muslims, and Jews in Medieval Iberia Conclusion of Reconquista in 1492 AD brought formal end to tolerance with launch of Spanish Inquisition. All Jews and Muslims (who did not convert) were expelled from Iberia.oSignificance: famous for their militant Catholicism, rising religious intolerance, Catalan expansion HuitzilopochtlioID:Sun god in the Aztec Religion (Main God) Aztec’s believed that world was in balance between “night”/”day” by providing human sacrifices, Aztecs were able to provide Huitzilopochtli nourishment that spelled off the “night” and the consequent end of the world oSignificance: created drive for human sacrifice According to C&D, constant need for human sacrifice victims led to constant warfare, which ultimately made them overextend their abilities & help to create their fall created many enemies for Spanish to ally with ChinampaoID:Floating fields that the Mexica used as means of farming one of principle economic foundations of Mexica life Built by the Nahuas in Central Mexico oSignificance: Farming innovation that allowed for Aztecs/indigenous people to control environment & use it to their advantage oC&D: Chinmpa agriculture = one of principal economic foundations of Mexica life Foundation of intensive agriculture Tribute to the Mexica people supported public work projects labor used to expand the area of reliable agriucultrue by creating more lake-bed tribute helped to increase QuetzalcoatloID:leader and god of the Toltec people, the feathered serpent. Aztec god that was believed to return in human form after disappearing for hundreds of yearsSpawned post-Aztec conquest theory that Aztecs believed the Cortes and company were the prophesied return of Quetzalcoatl However very controversial as no real evidence appears of this outside of Spanish writings in the 16th century (not much proof of Aztec's believing Spanish were the return)oSignificance: Spanish retroactively lowering Aztec intelligence and making Aztec seem inferior Idea that Cortes was Q served as explanation as to why conquistadors succeeded in conquering the Aztecs Shows Aztec’s cyclical view of history Quetzalcoatl (and the Toltecs) in general became legends in the minds of the Aztecs and figured prominently in their historical imagination.
oThe Aztecs believed in the cyclical view of history.