Midterm Terms Study Guide - Mexica Aztec Ethnic Group Chichimec barbarian invaders from the North Founded Tenochitilan Central Mexico(Lake Texcoco 1300

Midterm Terms Study Guide - Mexica Aztec Ethnic Group...

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Mexica Aztec Ethnic Group Chichimec “barbarian” invaders from the North Founded Tenochitilan Central Mexico (Lake Texcoco) 1300 AD – 1521 (toppled by Cortes) Peoples being from the north forced Aztec to legitimize rule via rewriting histories to form prophecy of their rule Convivencia Religious tolerance/peaceful coexistence of Christian, Muslims, and Jews Conclusion of Reconquista in 1492 AD brought formal end to tolerance with launch of Spanish Inquisition. All Jews and Muslims (who did not convert) were expelled from Iberia. Religious tolerance or the peaceful coexistence of Christians, Muslims, and Jews in Medieval Iberia legacy of convivencia tied Iberians back to ancient Rome and Greece in unique ways. Muslim and Christian scholars, for example, collaborated to translate and interpret ancient Greek texts that had been preserved only in Arabic. famous for their militant Catholicism and rising religious intolerance. Castilian expansion is usually blamed for the disappearance of medieval convivencia Huitzilopochtli Sun god in the Aztec Religion (main god) Created drive for Human sacrifices Aztec's believed that world was in balance between "night" and "day" By providing human sacrifices, Aztecs were able to provide Huitzilopochtli nourishment that spelled off the "night" and the consequent end of the world According to Conrast and Demeerst, the constatnt need for human sacrifice victims led the Aztecs to a constant of warfare, which ultimately made them overextend their abilities and help to create their fall (namely by creating many enemies for the Spanish to ally with) o Composite character, mythical geneaology, and migration tales of Huitiz reflect the composite ethnicity of the Mexica themselves o Was a late development unique to the Mexica Chinampa Floating fields that the Mexica used as means of farming Built by the Nahuas in Central Mexcio Develped 1 st by the Olmecs in 700-400 BC farming innovation that allowed for Aztecs/indigenous people to control environment and use it to their advantage. C&D o Chinmpa agriculture = one of principale economic foundations of Mexica life o Foundation of intensive agriculture o Tribute to the Mexi]ca people supported public work projects labor used to expand the area of reliable agriucultrue by creating more lake-bed tribute helped to increase Quezalcoatl Aztec god that was believed to return in human form after disappearing for Hundred of years Spawned post-Aztec conquest theory that Aztecs believed the Cortes and company were the prophesied return of Quetzalcoatl However very controversial as no real evidence appears of this outside of Spanish writings in the 16th century (not much proof of Aztec's beleiveing Spanish were the return) Quetzalcoatl was the leader and god of the Toltec people, the feathered serpent.

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