Drug Names, Prefixes, Suffixes.doc - Drug Names Stems Prefixes Roots and Suffixes The NCSBN has removed all brand and trade names from the NCLEX exam

Drug Names, Prefixes, Suffixes.doc - Drug Names Stems...

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Drug Names – Stems, Prefixes, Roots, and Suffixes The NCSBN has removed all brand and trade names from the NCLEX exam citing “the generic name is more consistent while a brand/trade medication name may vary.” Fortunately , generic names tend to follow patterns, with prefixes and suffixes often determining the class of medication. The following table gives a list of the prefix, root, and suffix for some common medications. We have included drug actions and the body system involved, where applicable. These drug prefixes, roots, and suffixes apply only to generic names. prefix, root, suffix examples (generic names) drug class or drug category -afil avanafil; sildenafil; tadalafil; vardenafil phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitor -asone betamethasone; dexamethasone; diflorasone; fluticasone; mometasone corticosteroid -bicin doxorubicin; epirubicin; idarubicin; valrubicin antineoplastic; cytotoxic agent -bital butabarbital; butalbital; phenobarbital; secobarbital barbiturate (sedative) -caine bupivacaine; lidocaine; mepivacaine; prilocaine; proparacaine local anesthetic cef-, ceph- cefaclor; cefdinir; cefixime; cefprozil; cephalexin cephalosporin antibiotic -cillin amoxicillin; ampicillin; dicloxacillin; nafcillin; oxacillin penicillin antibiotic cort clocortolone; fludrocortisone; hydrocortisone corticosteroid
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-cycline demeclocycline; doxycycline; minocycline; tetracycline tetracycline antibiotic -dazole albendazole; mebendazole; metronidazole; tinidazole anthelmintic; antibiotic; antibacterial -dipine amlodipine; felodipine; nifedipine; nimodipine; nisoldipine calcium channel blocker -dronate
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