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FINAL REVIEW GUIDE Bold words are words that come straight off of the review guide jon gave us. I tried to format it in a pretty simple way- I might have left some info off… Its kind of hard to tell what we needed to know out of certain sections, so I stuck with definitions and lists for the most part. I hope this helps! Good luck! Chapter 5 Demographic Analysis : Consists of 2 Steps… (1) Identifying the general demographic features of your audience (2) Gauging the importance of those features to a particular speaking situation ~*~*~DO NOT STEREOTYPE~*~*~ Demographics: Age Gender Sexual Orientation Racial, Ethnic, and Cultural Background Religion Group Membership Etc… “Anything characteristic of a given audience is potentially important to a speaker addressing that audience” Situational Analysis : Identifies traits of the audience unique to the speaking situation at hand. Situations: Audience Size (The larger the group, the more formal your presentation should be) Physical Setting Disposition Toward the Topic o Asses the Audiences Interest o The Audiences Knowledge o The audiences Attitude Disposition Toward the Speaker (estimate what the audiences’ attitudes toward you are and how they will affect your speech) Disposition Toward the Occasion (the audience gauges how long your speech should be [a sermon, acceptance speech, a toast, a lecture] the occasion helps audience decide appropriateness of length and topic Adapting to the audience: Two major stages in the process of audience adaptation- (1) before the speech, as part of your preparation and rehearsal (2) during the presentation of the speech itself. Before the Speech: Assessing how much your audience is likely to respond to what you will say in your speech Adjusting what you say to make it as clear, appropriate, and convincing as possible During the Speech : (These are random examples, there were not clear guidelines)
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Adjust to the time level allotted, even if it is different than you were told Find different ways to present visual aides etc. if you are missing a projector or other equipment Chapter 7 The three questions listeners mentally ask of a speaker: “What do you mean?” “Why should I believe you?” “So what?” (The purpose of these three questions is to get the speaker to stop generalizing and get specific) EX: General: There are lots of people in Asia. Specific: If the earth’s population were envisioned as a village with exactly 100 people, the breakdown would be as follows: 57 Asians, 21 Europeans, 14 North and South Americans, and 3 Africans. Example: A specific case used to illustrate or to represent a group of people, ideas, conditions, experiences, or the like Brief Example : A specific case referred to in passing to illustrate a point (just brought up in an introduction, randomly placed in a paragraph) Extended Example :
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