ILS Exam Essay 2 final - Seider 1 Question 4-Despite the...

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Seider 1 Question 4-Despite the Winds of Change Word Count-1,394 It was country western singer Willie Nelson who once sung, “The winds of change are always blowing, and every time I try to stay the winds of change continue blowing and they just carry me away.” This sentiment, mired in the heart of pop culture, shows that many people believe that nothing can be done to outlast the change time brings. Throughout history, even in spite of people’s best efforts, change, in any facet, is inevitable. My studies on the major developments of the Middle Ages reinforce this conviction and show that not even Greek natural philosophy can escape the inevitability of change. Greek natural philosophy, which we know as the conceptual interpretation of our being and the universe fashioned by influential Roman thinkers during the 4 th and 3 rd century B.C.E., withstood the fall of Rome and survived hundreds of years while echoing the same basic message with a slightly different tune. History shows that Greek natural philosophy suffered substantial changes after the fall of Rome, but survived primarily because of the Carolingian educational reforms, the utilitarian view of philosophy at the University of Paris, and through the works of Vesalius. The Carolingian educational reforms, which came about late in the eighth century, ensured that Greek natural philosophy survived after the fall of Rome because it gave the message a venue on which to be learned and shared. Furthermore, it created tangible objects that could be copied and passed down throughout history. “As part of a program to strengthen church and state, Charlemagne undertook educational reforms, importing scholars from abroad to staff a palace school and ordering the establishment of monastery and cathedral schools throughout the realm of the empire (Lindberg, p. 185).” The schools had a standard curriculum which included
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Seider 2 the seven liberal arts and a strong emphasis on astronomy. In the latter stages of the reform, it was evident that the curriculum focused on Aristotelian logic (Lecture, 10/4/07). An example of this can be seen in the lectures of Gerbert, a famous teacher. “At Reims, he spoke of the various
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2008 for the course ILS 201 taught by Professor Hsia during the Fall '07 term at University of Wisconsin Colleges Online.

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ILS Exam Essay 2 final - Seider 1 Question 4-Despite the...

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