RELATIVISM-new HO

RELATIVISM-new HO - [C] Three Forms of Relativism: 1. The...

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RELATIVISM [A] What is Relativism? o A relativist is someone who believes that there is no universal moral standard, no single criterion of morality true for all people in all societies at all times. o There are a number of different versions of relativism. o First, let us look at two arguments for relativism in general. [B] Two Arguments for Relativism: An Argument from Disagreement (1) There is widespread disagreement in moral judgments. (2) If there is widespread disagreement in moral judgments, then there is no universal moral standard. ---- (3) Therefore, there is no universal moral standard (i.e. relativism is true). An Argument from Tolerance (1) If there is no universal moral standard, then we ought to be tolerant of the views of others. (2) We ought to be tolerant of the views of others. ---- (3) Therefore, there is no universal moral standard (i.e. relativism is true).
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Unformatted text preview: [C] Three Forms of Relativism: 1. The Right-for-me, wrong-for-you Theory : An action is morally right if and only it is right-for-me. 2. Conventionalism : An action is morally right if and only if it is permitted by the conventions of the society in which it is done. 3. Subjectivism : An action is morally right if and only if agent of the action approves of it. ethical relativismethics are different from one another and that means we cant make =/ cultural relativismcultures are different from one another; diversity thesis Herodotus Slavery argument, if conventionalism is true then slavery is right; slavery isnt right, then conventionalism isnt true 32C-22-32 34C-22-32...
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RELATIVISM-new HO - [C] Three Forms of Relativism: 1. The...

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