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Essay Ideas - How to Achieve Peace in the Middle East I....

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How to Achieve Peace in the Middle East I. Brief History of Conflict II. Palestinian View Palestinians want Israel to comply with international law and retreat to the borders that existed in 1967. Palestinians express this demand as four key conditions for peace, including: 1. A separate Palestinian state (with the same borders as were in 1967), 2. Palestinian control of East Jerusaleum, 3. Ending Israeli occupation of Palestinian terroritory, and 4. Freedom of Palestinian refugees to return to their homeland. Israelis have occasionally discussed supporting a separate Palestinian state, but insist that it must be in the distant future. In addition, Israelis may not be willing to give up actual control of Palestinian territory for security reasons, even if Palestinian territory is eventually called an "independent state." Meanwhile, Israelis have continued to place Israeli settlements on Palestinian land, expanding Israeli territory at Palestinian expense. Palestinians no longer regard Israel as sincere in its negotiations for a separate state. Regarding control of East Jerusalem, Ehud Barak, former leader of Israel, offered to negotiate the control of East Jerusaleum. This is something no other Israeli leader had offered and something the Israeli people did not want offered. In fact, Barak was removed from power partly because of the offer and was replaced by Ariel Sharon. Although Barak had offered to negotiate control of East Jerusalem and make other concessions, Palestinians were angry that all of the key conditions they considered essential for lasting peace had not been offered. Israelis were angry because they were told that most of the key conditions for peace had been offered and that Arafat had refused to negotiate. Regarding the third Palestinian condition for peace, ending occupation of Palestinian territory, Israelis seem willing to do this--as long as Palestinian borders are redefined so that Israel can continue to control Palestinian movements through checkpoints between cities and other means. In other words, Israelis are willing to end the appearance of occupation but they are not willing to reduce their control over the Palestinians. Barak may have offered real independence to Palestinians, but Israelis and
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Palestinians disagree about what Barak actually offered. The specific offer of restoration of Palestinian land has remained secret, so it is difficult to determine which side is correct. Palestinians claim that Barak's offer to return Palestinian land was not sincere and would have continued Israeli control of land between major Palestinian cities. Israelis claim that the Barak offer did not break up the Palestinian land and that Arafat's refusal to negotiate the offer means that he will never accept peace. Much of the current conflict rests with the different views of what was offered. Additional information on the offer and disagreements is provided here. At about the same time as Barak's offer, Sharon deliberately provoked Palestinians
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2008 for the course PS 061 taught by Professor Eichenberg during the Fall '08 term at Tufts.

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Essay Ideas - How to Achieve Peace in the Middle East I....

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