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Unformatted text preview: Hypotheses on Nationalism and War Stephen Van Evera (Heavily quoted, hes pretty straightforward) Summary Essentially, Van Evera hypothesizes on nationalisms relationship to war, not explicitly drawing from historical examples, but mentioning examples frequently. At the end, he extrapolates to examine Eastern Europe because of the possibilities with the fall of the USSR. I. What question(s) is the author asking? a. Does Nationalism Cause War? b. If so, what types of nationalism are most likely to cause war? c. How and why do they cause war? d. What causes these war-causing nationalities? e. Under what circumstances are they the most dangerous? f. How, if at all, can the war-causing attributes of nationalism be suppressed or neutralized? g. How large are the risks to peace posed by nationalism in todays Europe, and how can these risks be minimized? II. What evidence or logic does s/he marshal? a. Deductive reasoning III. What are the principal conclusions? a. See Table 1 on page 260-261 b. Biggest threat is unfulfilled (stateless) nationalism c. Western Powers should use economic leverage with Eastern states to try to minimilize dangerous aspects of nationalism Definitions I. Nationalism A political movement with at least one of two characteristics a. The loyalty to the nation (our definition) supercedes loyalty to common kinship or to the state b. The nation desires its own independent state II. Proximate Causes that directly affect the odds of war III. Remote Causes of these proximate causes, or background conditions required for their activation Major Points of the 21 Hypothesis Beware unfulfilled nationalism Beware oppression of minorities Beware of unsure borders Beware of factors that could lead a state to resort to self-justifying myth-making Outline (Basically Table 1 with explanations, where capital letters (A through U) are the 21 hypothesis) I. Varieties of nationalism that are most likely to cause war (proximate) A. The greater the shortage/surplus of states for state-seeking nations, + war Peace in a region is more likely the more closely a supply/demand...
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2008 for the course PS 061 taught by Professor Eichenberg during the Fall '08 term at Tufts.
- Fall '08