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Unformatted text preview: “Chapter 12: International Distribution” Ways of War and Peace (Doyle) A. Global Inequality Fellowship Magazine 1974 analogy—a small percentage of people has more than half of the global income B. Redistribution: For and Against Realists—international economic justice not an important normative issue, doubt the basis for global cosmopolitan international morality Marxist Sots—“redistribution is insufficient and somewhat of a sham” Liberals—3 major views: 1. inequalities are product of imperial theft, 2. Global Humanitarianism (utilitarian perspective), 3. International justice as an implicit contract o 1. Global Common Law Current inequalities are results of imperial theft and the victims of this theft (or their descendants) should get reparations Draws attention to injustices of the past, where colonies were taken advantage of and even the benefits they were provided with (ex. education) were put in place to serve imperialists Plausible moral case for reparations with compounded interest exists but claims are complex because there are no set limitations as to how far back in time this goes, we wouldn’t know how much we owe or whom to pay or how much to interfere so that the money reaches those most in need o 2. Utilitarianism Peter Singer Focus on needs of the destitute and values that are common to all humans (ex. avoid harm, save lives)—treat all humans as ends, no matter who or where they are Charity imperative duty. Obligation to do something. Singer’s analogy: Would you save a drowning child? Objections such as starving people being foreigners, other people not providing aid, aid being too costly, and that it’s not s.o.’s personal responsibility do not work when applied to this analogy No moral obligation if “rescue” is a risk to your life o 3. International “Justice as Fairness” A Theory of Justice (John Rawls) “Veil of Ignorance”—if people had to pick a way to govern their lives without knowing who they were or which circumstances would befall them, but knowing...
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2008 for the course PS 061 taught by Professor Eichenberg during the Fall '08 term at Tufts.
- Fall '08