MORALITY AND RELIGION [A] The Divine Command Theory • An action is morally right if and only if God approves of it (i.e. it conforms to His will or commands. [B] The Natural Law Theory (Aquinas, following Aristotle) • There is an order or purpose to the universe. This purpose is good. The moral normative status of an action is determined by whether it helps or hinders this purpose. • According to Aristotle, everything has a certain potential, and its purpose is to realize this potential. All things have a built-in tendency to realize their potential by behaving naturally ; thus their purposes are revealed in their natural behavior . • Certain things help this process: natural goods . The natural goods for an organism are those things towards which its behavior is naturally directed. So acting naturally allows an organism to thrive and fulfill its purpose. • Different parts of the universe have different roles to play in fulfilling the purpose of the universe as a whole. These different roles correspond to
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2008 for the course PHL 024 taught by Professor Denby during the Spring '08 term at Tufts.