Running head: FINAL EXAM1M7A1: Final ExamAshley SamfordExcelsior College
FINAL EXAM2Policing has gone through many different stages since it was first founded. Today, many agencies used a community-oriented style of policing or “community policing”. The philosophy behind this is that if there are stronger relationships – more rapport – between the police agenciesand the community, the citizens would be more inclined to aid officers. In fact, through the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services(otherwise known as COPS), the Department of Justice was able to encourage the use of community policing—they distributed money for agencies to hire 100,000 more police officers (Walker & Katz, 2018, p.58). Some of the main goals of community policing include decentralizing, deformalizing, despecializing functions and delayerizing (Walker & Katz, 2018, pp.110-111). Essentially, it wants to take and put more responsibility on the officers patrolling the streets, give them more freedom to make decisions, replace special units with known and knowledgeable officers in the community, and to decrease the “amount of social and administrative distance between the beat officer and the chief of police(Walker & Katz, 2018, p.111).” Community policing focuses on attempting to help build the relationships between the citizens and the officers. In fact, the President’s Task Force on 21stCentury Policing made the recommendation that police departments should, “collaborate with community members to develop polices and strategies in communities and neighborhoods disproportionately affected by crime(Recommendation 2.1) (Walker & Katz, 2018, p.11).” This would be a top priority in attempting to build relationships with the community. As a law enforcement agency, the goal is to deter crime when possible, and the best way to do that is to be present, to create a relationship with the community so that the reports come in. In fact,
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- Walker & Katz