Varieties_of_institutional_theory_in_com (2).pdf - For class 2 please read from page 196 to page 202 C HA P T E R 9 VA R I E T I E S O F I N S T I T U T

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CHAPTER 9VARIETIES OF INSTITUTIONAL THEORY IN COMPARATIVE EMPLOYMENT RELATIONS GLENN  MORGAN AND MARCO HAUPTMEIER IntroductionInthis chapter, we explore the role of institutionalist analysis in the study of compara-tive employment relations. Institutionalism is one of the bedrock foundations not only of comparative employment relations, but more generally of the field of employment relations (Commons [1934] 1990). The focus of institutionalist analysis in this field has been on the pattern of formal rules that shape and structure the way in which actors coordinate the employment relationship. Much of this research is comparative between societies since it is through comparisons at this level that we can observe institutional differences and develop our understanding of how institutions structure work and employment relations. The study of comparative employment relations is therefore replete with research that links national formal laws and regulations to different national patterns of employment relations (e.g. Bamber et al. 2011; Martin and Ross 1999). However, institutionalism as an approach is significant in a wide range of social sci-ence disciplines, beyond the study of employment systems. Disciplines such as econom-ics, political science, and sociology have been strongly influenced by institutionalism and within these areas, the presuppositions of this approach have been widely debated. In our view, this variety and the debates which have been engendered have not been sufficiently recognized in comparative employment relations. The aim of this chapter, therefore, is to facilitate a dialogue between different institutional theories and compar-ative employment relations. We draw on these broader debates and contrasts within the discourse of institutionalism in order to illuminate the variety of ways in which issues 9780199695096-Part-2.indd 1909780199695096-Part-2.indd 1906/11/2007 7:21:52 AM6/11/2007 7:21:52 AM
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INSTITUTIONAL THEORY IN COMPARATIVE EMPLOYMENT RELATIONS 191of comparative employment systems can be considered (see Hall and Taylor 1996for an initial early formulation of these differences). We seek to go beyond other contributions within employment relations which have noted this diversity (Godard 2004; Kaufman 2011; Wilkinson and Wood 2012) and provide a systematic overview of the contrasts between different types of institutionalism. We look separately at each of four main varieties of institutionalism which are cur-rently influential in the broader field of social sciences. These four variants are rational choice institutionalism, historical institutionalism, sociological institutionalism, and constructivist (or discursive) institutionalism. While we acknowledge that institution-alism as a theoretical perspective can be traced back to earlier in the twentieth century (in the works of Veblen, Commons, Selznick, Gouldner, etc.), we would argue that there has been a significant renewal and ‘second wave’ of institutionalism beginning around the late 1970s and it is on this which we concentrate. In relation to each form of institu-
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