Linguistics Exam 2 Study Guide

Linguistics Exam 2 Study Guide - 1. Definitions: Lexicon:...

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Unformatted text preview: 1. Definitions: Lexicon: Word: Morpheme: Allomorph: affix (prefix, infix, suffix): Root: Base: Morphophonemics: Inflection: Derivation: 2. Phonology problems: Minimal pairs: Near minimal pairs: Complementary distribution: Listing environments: What it means for sounds to contrast vs. being predictable in a particular environment, phonemes vs. allophones, elsewhere case, writing rules. 3. Distinctive features: allow us to make better generalizations. Natural classes. Four kinds: Major class features: Manner features: Laryngeal features: Place of articulation features: You will be given the feature matrix tables for English consonants and vowels (pp. 82-83 in textbook). You will need to know what the features are, however (e.g. what's a sonorant?) 4. Morphology: simple vs. complex word, bound vs. free morpheme, word trees. 5. Morphology: Compounding: Head of compound: Compound stress: inflection vs. derivation (three characteristics > change in lexical category: Relative order: Productivity): 6. Morphology: inflection --(3)--> Affixation: Internal change: Suppletion: 7. Morphology problems: Segmenting words: Listing environments: Writing rules. 8. Word formation processes: Abbreviations: Acronyms: Conversion: Clipping: Blends: Coinage: ...
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This test prep was uploaded on 03/27/2008 for the course LING 101 taught by Professor Macaulay during the Spring '08 term at Wisconsin.

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Linguistics Exam 2 Study Guide - 1. Definitions: Lexicon:...

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