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Anthro Study Guide 1 - Anthropology Study Guide Test 1...

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Anthropology Study Guide Test 1 Origins of Cultural Anthropology 19 th century is when field really kicks off and gets more serious From Armchair Anthropology Sir James Frazer (1854-1941) Author, The Golden Bough Didn t leave their office or “arm chair” -bizarre rituals and religious beliefs Sir Edward Burnett Tylor (183201917) Authot, Primitive Culture and Anthropology To Fieldwork and Participant Observation Bronislaw Malinowski (1884-1942) Ended up in the field by accident –got stuck on Island on the cost of Australia- phenomenal Linguist ; left a diary and wrote books with great titles “sexual life of savages” Franz Boas (1858-1842) Most famous students Margart Meed Margareet Mead (1901-1978) The Study Of Culture Defining Culture E.B. Tylor: That complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, customs, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society. Kroeber and Kluckhon, 164 Definitions (1952) Marvin Harris (materialist): A culture is the total socially acquired life-way or life style of a group of people. It consists of the patterned repetitive ways of thinking, feeling, and acting that are characteristic of the members of a particular society or segment of society. (Lifestyles, and Life ways) Clifford GEertz (interpretivist): “Model of and a model for” Consists of symbols motivation, moods and thoughts. What is the meaning behind the action. Spradley and Mcurdy: Culture is the learned and shared knowledge that people use to generate behavior and interpret experience. Explicit Culture Tacit Culture Overview: Approaches to study of culture Approach Holistic: That particular elements (e.g economics politics, religions) can not be understood in isolation, but as part of larger whole. Comparative Evolutionary: how things are evolving and changing Societies are changing but not all in the same way Functionalist: Study and see how things function within a given society. Ex: functioning as a way of regulated a complex irrigation system in Bali (we know there is conflict and everything doesn t functions correctly) Structuralist: Overall Structure (Politcal, Economic, Language, Kinship) Symbolic Political Economy Methodologoy Qualitative vs. Quantitative Usually mostly qualititative
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Fieldwork They all do fieldwork, but some will spend time in archives looking at historical documants but generally most anthropologists go into field. Participant observation Living with the people Learning the language Participating in everyday life. Interviews Structred (Planned Questions) Unstructured (Not planned) Archival Sources Diaries, photographs, newspapers, indigenous texts Contemporary Issues of Discussion Culture vs. Microcultures Etic (outsider) vs. Emic (internal perspective) Kirin looks at India as both. Being half american she sometimes feels like an outsider. Maw (emic) from America, once she got there she became closer with culture.She is very much involved in Indian ways of
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