PICOT STATEMENT AND LITERATURE SEARCH.docx - PICOT...

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PICOT STATEMENT AND LITERATURE SEARCH PICOT STATEMENT AND LITERATURE SEARCH NRS-433-V GRAND CANYON UNIVERSITY LINDA L. EDWARDS NOVEMBER 26, 2017 1
PICOT STATEMENT AND LITERATURE SEARCH Background There are many experiences a nurse will encounter during the first year or two of their nursing career that may have an impact on their job satisfaction, their perceived role and place in the health care team, their ability to interact effectively with their patients, and ultimately, their decision to stay or go. Jennings (2008) wrote that personality and how events are interpreted play a role in the perception of stress, and implicated stress as a contributing factor for burnout, and job dissatisfaction Using the steps of Evidence Based Practice, an assessment was done to identify a problem; in this instance, the problem(s) identified: increased burnout and poor job satisfaction. An answerable question was formulated addressing the problem areas, and research was done to find both qualitative and quantitative studies that were relevant. P: Population - Bedside nurses I: Intervention - Team-building activities C: Comparison - Bedside nurses working in units with no team-building activities O: Outcome - Improve nurse job satisfaction and reduce burnout T: Time - To be determined PICOT Question: Do bedside nurses who work in units that engage in team-building activities experience less burnout and more job satisfaction compared to nurses who work in units that do not engage in team-building activities? 2
PICOT STATEMENT AND LITERATURE SEARCH A literature search was completed and studies pertaining to the PICOT question were chosen. A minimum of three of the studies were chosen for both qualitative and quantitative peer-reviewed articles. All studies, along with the abstract for each have been included. The Studies Hayward, D., Bungay, V., Wolff, A., MacDonald, V. (2016). A qualitative study of experienced nurses' voluntary turnover: learning from their perspectives. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 25: 1336-1345.doi: 10.1111/jocn.13210 Abstract: “Aims and objectives The purpose of this research was to critically examine the factors that contribute to turnover of experienced nurses' including their decision to leave practice settings and seek alternate nursing employment. In this study, we explore experienced nurses' decision-making processes and examine the personal and environmental factors that influenced their decision to leave. Background Nursing turnover remains a pressing problem for healthcare delivery. Turnover contributes to increased recruitment and orientation cost, reduced quality patient care and the loss of mentorship for new nurses. Design A qualitative, interpretive descriptive approach was used to guide the study. Methods Interviews were conducted with 12 registered nurses, averaging 16 years in practice.

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