HCA 415 The Health Contributions of Margaret Higgins Sanger Part 1

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Running head: CONTRIBUTIONS OF MARGARET 1 The Health Contributions of Margaret Higgins Sanger Kristina Kalb HCA 415 Community and Public Health Professor Avi Stein October 15, 2018
CONTRIBUTIONS OF MARGARET 2 The Health Contributions of Margaret Higgins Sanger Margaret Sanger was a woman who devoted her life to gaining access to birth control and making it available for all women in the United States during a time when women's healthcare was simply not publically discussed. She also created the first oral contraceptive or birth control pill in the late 1950s that was approved for consumption by the Food and Drug Administration in 1960 (Michals, 2017). Margaret was born in Corning, New York on September 14, 1879 to an Irish Catholic family (Michals, 2017). After the death of her mother Sanger went to school at Claverack College and Hudson river institute in 1896, enabling her to complete the nursing program and White Plains Hospital and become a nurse in 1902 (Michals, 2017). She also married an architect named William Sanger with whom she moved to Hastings, New York where they had three children together before the family relocated to New York City in 1910. In New York City Margaret was able to begin her work towards enabling birth control and the couple became involved in various Progressive Era movements as well as involvement in the Socialist party (Michals, 2017). While in New York City she would frequently use her nursing skills in immigrant homes that were overrun by poverty due to oversized families and helped wives who had been affected by multiple pregnancies, miscarriages or botched abortions. Seeing this hardship, she made it her life’s goal to repeal the Comstock Law and provide women with the birth control that they should have (Michals, 2017). GRADED ELEMENT: Analyze the climate of the time period in terms of political, socioeconomic, environmental and technological context in which this person worked o HELP: Think about whether this person was up against resistance or was their work welcomed. [For example, if you were writing on Abraham Lincoln and
CONTRIBUTIONS OF MARGARET 3 the abolition of slavery, you would note that slavery was prevalent and accepted at the time and the change was welcomed by some and rejected by others] At the time of Miss Sanger's birth, the United States already had a set of laws in place called the Comstock laws. These laws stayed in place until the mid-1900s and prevented the spread of information and items in reference to contraceptives in the U.S. which resulted in many

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