Era of Social Change 1960.docx - An Era of Social Change...

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An Era of Social Change 1960s1. An Era of Social Change2. Latinos of Varied Origins • Mexican Americans – 1million came in 1910’s following the Mexican Revolution, some came in the 1940’s and 1950’s as braceros, and 1 million came in the 60’s • Puerto Ricans began immigrating after the Spanish American War of 1898, and by 1960’s 1miilion in the US (1/2 NYC) • Cubans fled Castro after 1959 and large communities formed in NYC, Miami, NJ • During the 1960’s thousand of Central and South American emigrated • Most Latinos lived in barrios3. Latinos Fight For Change • In 1966 Cesar Chavez and Dolores Huerta merged their new unions to form the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee • Chavez believed in non-violence in dealing with California’s large fruit and vegetablecompanies (Ex. Boycotts/Fast) • In the 1960’s the Chicano Movement took off, “Brown Power” and the “Brown Berets” demanded Spanish speaking classes and Chicano studies programs at universities (Bilingual ED. Act of 1968)4. Latino Political Power • During the 1960’s eight Hispanic Americans served in the House of Representatives • In the 1940’s and 1950’s the League of United Latin American Citizens fought in the courts for school desegregation and government funding • In the 1970’s La Raza Unida ( Mexican Americans United) ran Mexican Candidates in many local elections • In 1963 the more radical Alianza Federal de Mercedes seized a Texas courthouse5. Native Americans Fight For Equality • Native Americans suffered the

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