Assessment VI.docx - a Control over municipal solid waste...

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a.Control over municipal solid waste that was generated by the population of Mexico began on July 15th, 1891, and “the First Sanitary Code was created by the Health Council.” (Vega, 2006) The first major works by the federation was completed in the 1960’s when the first sanitary waste landfill was designed and was put into operation (Vega, 2006). This began the MSW collection and disposal plans in capital cities. Due to environmental deterioration, in 1976, the Environment Improvement Sub-secretary was created (Vega, 2006). In 1983, the RS100 programwas started (Vega, 2006). This also created a standard of the design of sanitary landfills and programs for collection route design (Vega, 2006). Currently only about 26% of cities have good collection routes (Vega, 2006). Most waste collected is not treated and just ends up in landfills (Vega, 2006). b.Garbage is waste that contains food waste and is highly decomposable and about 14 % of refuse is considered garbage (Nathanson, 2015). Rubbish is considered mostly dry materials that consist of glass, rubber, paper, metal cans, wood, and textiles (Nathanson, 2015). Rubbish consists of the bulk of refuse which is approximately 86% (Nathanson, 2015). Refuse consists of both rubbish and garbage (Nathanson, 2015). Trash is defined as the bulky materials that may need special handling (Nathanson, 2015). Some examples would include TVs, chairs, couches, and mattresses (Nathanson, 2015).c.The EPA's integrated solid waste management strategy has three main points, these are source reduction, recycling, and disposal (Nathanson, 2015). Source reduction focusses on reuse of on-site products, reduction of packaging, increasing the life of products, and composting (Nathanson, 2015). Recycling focusses on recovery and processing for reuse and off site composting (Nathanson, 2015). Disposal focusses on incineration and land disposal (Nathanson, 2015). d.The byproducts of incineration are fly ash, bottom ash, and heat (Nathanson, 2015). Fly ash which is mostly lost out of the incinerator through the flue and is the more hazardous of the two ashes (Nathanson, 2015). Fly ash when is travels through the flue is scrubbed out (Nathanson, 2015). Bottom ash consists of the bulk of the ash and is about 5 % of the total volume of what was burned (Nathanson, 2015).

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