Book Review of The making of a human bomb.pdf - Book Review...

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Book Review of The making of a human bomb: An ethnography of Palestinian resistanceby Nasser Abufarha The Making of a Human Bomb is an important study that assesses Palestinian resistance to Israeli expansionism through cultural representations, and the perspective of Palestinian mar-tyrs themselves. Nasser Abufarha is a Jenin native, which helped him thoroughly assess suicide bombings, known as “martyrdom operations”, from the perspective of the perpetrators. Jenin is a West Bank town that was home to many suicide bombers during the second Palestinian uprising, or Al-Aqsa intifada (2000 - 2006). His background helped him conduct field work in Israeli oc-cupied West Bank, through interviews of families, activists, and members of groups that spon-sored martyrdom operations. Abufarha focuses on the assessment of data — of bombers, targets, and fatalities — from the Al-Aqsa intifada. He also observed demonstrations and studied prod-ucts of Palestine culture such as literature, art, or political news stories. Abufarha explains the concept of self-sacrifice, beginning in the 1960s; Palestinian resis-tance fighters became known as fedayeen,meaning “those who sacrifice for a cause”. At this time, both unarmed protesters and armed guerrilla were honoured as martyrs. During the first Palestinian intifada (1987 - 1992), Palestinians took part in civil disobedience, such as “enforced strikes, boycotts, and the nonpayment of taxes” (65). They demanded “self-determination, an end to the Israeli occupation, and Palestinian statehood” (68). The Israeli response was “beatings, teargas, rubber bullets, live ammunition, curfews, the closure of schools and universities, depor-tations of activists into exile, and tens of thousands of arrests” (66). The Oslo Middle East “peace process”, during the last decade of the first intifada, resulted in intensified Israeli state expansion.
The implementation of this process led to the first suicide operations of the Islamic Resistance Movement Hamas.

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