Study Guide 2.doc - Chapter 5(Motivation Theories Be...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 17 pages.

Chapter 5 (Motivation Theories) Be familiar with the definition of motivation including what is meant by the direction, level, and persistence of effort o Motivation refers to forces within an individual that account for the level, direction, and persistence of a person’s effort expended at work. Level - the amount of effort a person puts forth. Direction - an individual’s choice when presented with a number of possible alternatives. Persistence - the length of time a person sticks with a given action. Understand content and process theories of motivation and the difference between the two o Content theories Focus on individual needs – that is, physiological or psychological deficiencies that we feel a compulsion to reduce or eliminate o Process theories Focus on the thought or cognitive processes that take place within the minds of people and that influence their behavior Know Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, how is it supposed to work, and what research tells us about it Identifies five levels of individual needs Needs : the physiological or psychological deficiencies that we feel a compulsion to reduce or eliminate Motivation is goal directed. A goal is a specific result that an individual wants to achieve
Know Alderfer's ERG theory, how is it supposed to work, and what research tells us o 3 Groups of Core Needs:
Know McClelland's Acquired Needs Theory, how the needs are determined, what research tells us, and how it is measured o Need for achievement (nAch).
Understand Herzberg's 2-factor theory, the difference between motivator and hygiene factors, their relation to job satisfaction and what research tells us o Identifies two different factors as primary causes of job satisfaction and job dissatisfaction

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture