Name:Class:"In line"by Daniel Bachhuber is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0.Water Scarcity: A Global IssueBy Shelby Ostergaard2017In areas where water is easily accessible, it’s easy to forget that access to clean water can mean thedi3erence between life and death. In this informational text, Shelby Ostergaard discusses the di3erentfactors that contribute to water scarcity in various regions throughout the world. As you read, take notes onthe causes and e3ects of water scarcity.Consider yourself lucky whenever you pouryourself a glass of water. Today, on everycontinent in the world, there are people who,because of water scarcity, spend their entire daylooking for clean water.Water scarcity is pretty much what it sounds like— when water is so scarce in a region that thepeople there do not have enough clean water todrink. While the majority of people on earth haveaccess to water, there are still millions of peoplewho do not. According to reports the UnitedNations created as part of the Water for Lifeinitiative and the non-proGtwater.org, one in tenpeople do not have access to clean water. Worldwide, that is roughly 783 million people. Imagine 783million people who struggle daily for the clean drink of water that luckier people wake up to. There aretwo kinds of water scarcity. The Grst is physical water scarcity, which occurs in areas without naturalwater resources, such as desserts like the Sahara. The second is economic water scarcity, which occursin areas where there are enough water resources for people to use, but they are poorly managed andallowed to be contaminated.Physical water scarcity is most often caused by drought. A drought occurs when it rains far less in agiven area than it usually does, creating shortages in water supply. Droughts can be declared after aslittle as 15 days without rainfall and can continue indeGnitely. The longest drought in recorded historylasted for 400 years in the Atacama Desert in Chile. However, most modern droughts are not nearly sosevere. In the United States, the National Drought Mitigation Center Gnds only the panhandle1ofOklahoma and northern Georgia experiencing ‘extreme drought’. California experienced severedrought between 2012 to 2017, while Florida experienced severe drought between 2006-2007, andagain in 2017. Droughts are considered severe when water shortages become common and extremewhen major crop2loss occurs. Globally, the Center shows that there is ‘extreme drought’ in the MiddleEast and eastern Australia and ‘severe drought’ in parts of northern Africa.1.a narrow strip of territory projecting from the main territory of a state2.A crop is a type of plant that is grown for food, especially grain, vegetables, and fruit.