Explain the different kinds of operating systems for...

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BTM 200 Fundamentals of Information Technology
Table of Contents Unit 1: Computer and Information Ethics ....................................................................... 5 Defining Ethics and Examining Ethical Systems ....................................................................... 5 Personal Ethics ...................................................................................................................................... 6 Define your own Personal Values ................................................................................................... 6 Benefits to Ethical Living ................................................................................................................... 6 Personal Ethics and Your Work Life .............................................................................................. 6 Technology and Ethics: How one affects the Other .................................................................. 7 Using Computers to Support Ethical Conduct ............................................................................ 7 Copyright ................................................................................................................................................. 7 Ten commandments ............................................................................................................................ 7 Computer Ethics Institute ................................................................................................................. 7 Who are they? ........................................................................................................................................ 8 Why is CEI needed? .............................................................................................................................. 8 History of the Computer Ethics Institute ..................................................................................... 8 Going Forward ....................................................................................................................................... 9 Activities .................................................................................................................................................. 9 Goals and Opportunities .................................................................................................................... 9 Historical Timeline ........................................................................................................................... 10 Unit 2: Computer parts ........................................................................................................ 12 2.1 Describe the four main functions of a computer system and how they interact with data and information ............................................................................................................. 12 2.2 Define bits and bytes, and describe how they are measured, used, and processed .............................................................................................................................................. 13 2.3 List common types of computers, and discuss their main features ........................ 13 2.4 Identify the main types of keyboards and touch screens ............................................ 14 2.6 Explain how images and sounds are input into computing devices ........................ 15 2.8 Describe various types of printers, and explain when you would use them ........ 16 2.9 Discuss options for outputting sound from your computing devices ..................... 16 2.10 Define motherboard and RAM ............................................................................................ 17 2.11 Explain the main functions of the CPU ............................................................................. 17 2.12 List the various types of hard drives ................................................................................ 18 2.13 Define cloud storage, and explain how to use it ........................................................... 18 2.15 List the common types of ports used today .................................................................... 19 2.16 List the options for adding ports to your device .......................................................... 19 2.17 Describe how to manage power consumption on your computing devices ....... 19 2.18 Define ergonomics, and discuss the ideal physical setup for using computing devices ................................................................................................................................................... 19 Unit 3: System Software ...................................................................................................... 20 3.1 Discuss the functions of the operating system ................................................................ 21 3.2 Explain the different kinds of operating systems for machines, networks, and business ................................................................................................................................................ 21 3.3 Explain the most common operating systems for personal use ............................... 23 3.4 Explain how the operating system provides a means for users to interact with the computer ....................................................................................................................................... 23 3.5 Explain how the operating system helps manage hardware such as the processor, memory, storage, and peripheral devices ........................................................... 24 3.6 Explain how the operating system interacts with application software ................ 26 2
3.7 Discuss the process the operating system uses to start up the computer and how errors in the boot process are handled ..................................................................................... 26 3.8 Describe the main features of the Windows interface ................................................. 28 3.9 Summarize how the operating system helps keep your computer organized .... 30 3.10 Summarize how to view, sort, name, and manage files and folders ..................... 31 3.11 Summarize how file compression works ........................................................................ 33 3.12 Outline the tools used to enhance system productivity ............................................. 33 3.13 Summarize the utilities used to backup and restore files and the computer system .................................................................................................................................................... 34 3.14 Describe the assistive technology utilities used to make using the computer system easier ....................................................................................................................................... 35 Unit 4 : Application Software ............................................................................................ 35 4.1 Describe the differences between application and system software ...................... 35 4.2 List different types of apps and software you can use on your computing devices ................................................................................................................................................... 36 4.3 List the types of applications included in productivity software suites, and describe their uses and features .................................................................................................. 36

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