Test 1 Notes.docx - Post-Civil War America 1865-1890 Not so United States South Reconstruction(A mess Resistant South\/Democrats Radical Republicans 4.5

Test 1 Notes.docx - Post-Civil War America 1865-1890 Not so...

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Post-Civil War America – 1865-1890 “Not so United States” South: “A Mess” Reconstruction Era (Not so United States) o Best way to describe is a “A Mess” o Split into three different areas with different politics, demographics, climate, etc. North South West o Three Factors regarding Reconstruction South (confederate) have lost the civil war and are not sorry about anything except that they lost 1964 – first president elected from the south o Lyndon B. Johnson Democratic party is associated with the south North (Union) Made up with a vast amount of Republicans Own congress, government, and reconstruction o They will decide how to let the south rejoin them o Radical Republicans however believe that the South have not been punished enough and want to inflict more punishments Not so easy process for the South Four and a half million slaves (freedmen) What do we do with these people? Where will they go? o No one has any idea what to do with them o The belief system was that these slaves had no capability to be able to do anything that would be useful o All the slaves gained was that they are now free and that’s all Depressed demographic descending from these ex-slaves o Post – Civil war effects that lead into issues such as racism even until this day Amendments enacted to solve these issues: o 13 th Amendment: Abolish slavery in the U.S Leads into idea of slaves becoming citizens of the U.S South: Reconstruction (A mess) Resistant South/Democrats Radical Republicans 4.5 Million Ex-Slaves Amendments (13th,14th,15 th ) West: Wide Open Railroads Settlers/10 states Buffalo Indian Wars (1873- 1883) North: Power Center o Industry o Wealth (New Money, Millionaires) o Republican Party
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o 14 th Amendment: Citizenship Granting citizenship to slaves or anyone that were born in the U.S (almost all the slaves that were freed) o 15 th Amendment: Voting Rights Gave blacks the ability to vote Gets rid of requirement of having to be a certain color, be part of certain religion, etc. Leads into literacy tests, or any method to limit a large amount of blacks to vote West: “Railroad” Out of all the things that were attempted to be grown, wheat/grain was the only one that seemed to work West will remain to be wide open until Railroads Keyword for the west is Railroads Wide Open Railroads o Begin to be built right after the end of the Civil War o Rail started to be sold to people around the area o From 1865-1869 two rail lines connect that allows trains to travel from one side of the country to the other (Example: Boston to San Francisco) Causes large amounts of people to start moving into the West Leads into the creation of 10 states Settlers/10 states: o Even with several million-people moving into the west, there is still space due to size of the land o Later, it was discovered that there was a large amount (half a million) of bison or buffalos run throughout the area
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