Mid term terms .docx - GDP and it critiques o GDP only...

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GDP and it critiquesoGDP only measures income not inequality or other factors within an environment. If you destroy natural resources GDP goes up but so does the likelihood of natural disasters – skewed perspective of dev, econ dev compared to development. Critique has included that it is a disruption of trad soci and lifestyle with growth and dev – question its actual desirability “South” or “Global South”oRefers to the southern hemisphere where there is a global, developmental, and political divide. Most of these places are categorized as the third world or dev countries oHistory connected to colonialism Human Development Index (HDI)oCreated to express that development should not be measured just by economic development, there are more aspects to lifeoHealthLife expectancy oEducationExpected years of schoolingMean years of schoolingoStandard of livingGross national income per capita Colonialism vs. ImperialismoColonialism Direct political control over soci by a foreign state Shifted in meaning to have more ethnic and racial tones A specific category of imperialism where control is obtained direct with force for a period of time More militaristThe practice of it oImperialism Political and economic control One soci controlling anotherFormal political meansEconomic power – foreign companies in devel worldCultural influence The idea behind it
Ability to extend rule over area oColonialism can be seen as the practice of imperialism where imperialism is the idea behind it. Imperialism is an economic and political practice where colonialism is more direct control shifting ethnic and racial tones. Imperialism is more of a cultural influence with foreign companies and ideas being infused into the cultureHigh Imperialismo19thcentury oThere was the first wave of decolonization that was followed by an intensification of political and econ relations between the colonial powers and colonized area – thus the scramble of Africa – technology allowed for free trade and easy transport worldwide 1884 Berlin ConferenceoHigh imperialism oAlso known as Congo Conference, regulated EU colonizers and trade in Africa during the new imperial era oFormed the scramble for Africa Scramble for AfricaoThe division, occupation, and colonization of African territory by EU powers The slave tradeoThe slave trade was between imperial colonize and the citizens of the colonial countries who were taken out of their land and used as labourers in the imperial home land in cotton fields, Tabacco plantations and whatever Indirect vs. Direct RuleoIndirectDomination via collaborative relationshipLow costSegregated state centered in the capital but run through local chiefs, priests, community heads where they continue to rule though traditional meansCreates a legitimacy of rule and makes rebellion against the imperial power less likely

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