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Learned Behavior Notes

Learned Behavior Notes - Habituation Habituation is said to...

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Habituation Habituation is said to have occurred when repeated presentations of the stimulus by itself cause a decrease in the response. eg: play tapes to teach dogs to ignore storms, sack out a horse, exposure to traffic. Sensitization Sensitization is the opposite of habituation in that there is an increase in a response after repeated presentations of the stimulus by itself. The stimulus has to be intrinsically unpleasant or aversive Classical or Associative Conditioning Classical conditioning is the acquisition of a response to a new stimulus by association with an old stimulus. It involves coupling a stimulus with an innate behaviour or physiological response. Most laboratory based classical conditioning studies focus on physiological responses. The most famous, of course, involved Pavlov and his dogs. Ivan Pavlov was a Russian physiologist who trained dogs to salivate at the sound of a bell ringing. Indeed he went on to win the Nobel prize in 1904 Example: Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) metronome and dog saliva.
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