Threat Assessment 2 - Running head THREAT ASSESSMENT 1 Threat Assessment Unit Details Student Name University Details THREAT ASSESSMENT 2 Somali is

Threat Assessment 2 - Running head THREAT ASSESSMENT 1...

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Running head: THREAT ASSESSMENT. 1 Threat Assessment. Unit Details. Student Name. University Details.
THREAT ASSESSMENT. 2 Somali is regarded as one of the most dangerous places in the world. However, in the past few years, there has been noticeable improvement in the level of security in the country. A stable government has been formed, various parts of the country have been reclaimed from the Al- Shabaab and groups of refugees are returning home to build their country.[Ins14] Following these developments, I intend to conduct a study that will establish whether it is ok for the United States to set up an embassy in Somalia. The findings of this study will be summarized in this paper, taking into consideration the population demographics, ethnic and Identity conflicts, military Structure, human rights issues, economic stability, natural resources, political stability, educational system, health and disease issues and terrorist organizations.[Uni1] After independence, between 1960 and 1991, Somalia had one of the largest military in Africa. After the 1991 civil war, Said Barre fled from Mogadishu, the once proud military experienced a very huge disintegration.[Int] Over the past few years, Somali has engaged itself in efforts to invest in their defense and implementing policies that foster partnerships with foreign allies and better arms procurement[Sho09]. In March 2013, the United Nations Security Council passed a Resolution called the United Nations Council Resolution 2093.[Sho09] This resolution enhanced the processes of procuring arms by lifting a 21-year arms trade barrier on Somalia. Somalia was then allowed to purchase light weapons for a period of 1 year[Sho09]. Even though this resolution helped Somalia to improve its defense tremendously, it didn’t allow them to purchase heavy weapons such as surface-to-air missiles, howitzers and canons.[Sho09]. This is still a hindrance to the attainment of peace in Somalia. The Al-Shabaab ends up being armed better than the government. Therefore, it succeeds in its efforts to cause instability and violence in the country
THREAT ASSESSMENT. 3 The 2011 report by the International Crisis Group concluded that corruption and procurement issues were a major constraint to the military reform of Somalia. Commanders and

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