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Social Psychology and Human Nature
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Chapter 1 / Exercise 4
Social Psychology and Human Nature
Baumeister/Bushman
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KENYATTA UNIVERSITY DIGITAL SCHOOL OF VIRTUAL AND OPEN LEARNING IN COLLABORATION WITH INSTITUTE OF PEACE AND SECURITY STUDIES ASC 200: INTRODUCTION TO SOCIAL THEORY i WRITTEN BY: DR. KIPRUTO TUITOEK EDITED BY: DR. GLADYS MORAA NYACHIEO
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Social Psychology and Human Nature
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Chapter 1 / Exercise 4
Social Psychology and Human Nature
Baumeister/Bushman
Expert Verified
Copyright © Kenyatta University, All Rights Reserved Published By: KENYATTA UNIVERSITY PRESS Table of Contents ii
COURSE INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................... vi COURSE LEARNING OBJECTIVES .......................................................................................... vi COURSE INSTRUCTIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….vii LESSON 1: SOCIOLOGICAL THEORY ....................................................................................... 1 1.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................ 1 1.1 Learning Objectives ............................................................................................................... 1 1.2 Definition of Sociological Theory ......................................................................................... 1 1.3 Purpose of Theory .................................................................................................................. 2 1.4 Importance of Social Theory .................................................................................................. 8 1.5 Concept Related To Social Theory ......................................................................................... 9 1.6 The Relationship between the Research and Theory ........................................................... 17 1.7 History of Sociological Theory: The Founding Fathers ....................................................... 18 1.8 Summary .............................................................................................................................. 20 1.9 Further References ............................................................................................................... 22 1.10 References .......................................................................................................................... 23 1.11 Self –test questions ............................................................................................................. 24 LESSON 2: INTRODUCTION TO FUNCTIONALISM ............................................................. 25 2.0 Introduction .......................................................................................................................... 25 2.1 Learning Objectives ............................................................................................................. 25 2.2 Key Assumption and Arguments of Functionalism Theories ............................................... 26 1.3 Emile Durkheim and Functionalisms ................................................................................... 30 2.4 Talcott Parsons and Functionalism ....................................................................................... 32 2.5 Robert Merton and Functionalism ....................................................................................... 34 2.6 Assessment and Criticisms of Functionalism ....................................................................... 35 2.7 Summary .............................................................................................................................. 37 1.8 Note ...................................................................................................................................... 38 1.9 References ............................................................................................................................ 39 1.10 Further References ............................................................................................................. 39 1.11 Self –test questions ............................................................................................................. 40 LESSON 3: CONFLICT THEORY ............................................................................................... 42 3.0 Introduction .......................................................................................................................... 42 iii
3.1 Learning Objectives ............................................................................................................. 43 3.2 Basic Assumptions and Arguments of the Conflict Perspective .......................................... 44 3.3 Karl Marx ............................................................................................................................. 45 3.4 Ralf Dahrendorf ................................................................................................................... 50 3.5 Assessment and Criticisms of Conflict Theory .................................................................... 50 3.6 Summary .............................................................................................................................. 50 3.7 Note ...................................................................................................................................... 53 3.8 References ............................................................................................................................ 53 3.9 Further References ............................................................................................................... 54 3.10 Self –test questions ............................................................................................................. 55 LESSON 4: SOCIAL ACTION THEORY .................................................................................... 56 4.0 Introduction .......................................................................................................................... 56 4.1 Learning Objectives ............................................................................................................. 57 4.2 Max Weber View on Social Action ...................................................................................... 58 4.3 Summary .............................................................................................................................. 61 4.4 References ............................................................................................................................ 61 4.5 Further References ............................................................................................................... 63 4.6 Self –test questions ............................................................................................................... 63 LESSON 5: SYMBOLIC INTERATIONALISM ......................................................................... 63 5.0 Introduction .......................................................................................................................... 64 5.1 Learning Objectives ............................................................................................................. 66 5.2 George Herbert Mead ........................................................................................................... 66 5.3 Herbert Blummer ................................................................................................................. 70 5.4 Ervin Goffman ..................................................................................................................... 74 5.5 Summary .............................................................................................................................. 75 5.6 Note ...................................................................................................................................... 76 5.7 References ............................................................................................................................ 78 5.8 Further References ............................................................................................................... 79 5.9 Self –test questions ............................................................................................................... 79 LESSON 6: THEORIES OF RATIONAL CHOICE/EXCHAGE THEORY ................................ 82 6.0 Introduction .......................................................................................................................... 86 iv
6.1 Learning Objectives ............................................................................................................. 86 6.2 George Homans .................................................................................................................... 87 6.3 Peter Blau ............................................................................................................................. 88 6.4 James Coleman .................................................................................................................... 90 6.5 Critique of Social Exchange Theory .................................................................................... 90 6.6 Summary .............................................................................................................................. 92 6.7 References ............................................................................................................................ 93 6.8 Further References .............................................................................................................. 94 6.9 Self –test questions ............................................................................................................... 95 LESSON 7: THE FEMINIST APPROACH .................................................................................. 96 7.0 Introduction .......................................................................................................................... 97 7.1 Learning Objectives ............................................................................................................. 97 7.2 The Feminist Approach and Conflict ................................................................................... 98 7.3 The Feminist Approach and Symbolic Interactionism ....................................................... 100 7.4 Critique of Feminist Theory ............................................................................................... 101 7.5 Note ................................................................................................................................... 103 7.6 Summary ............................................................................................................................ 103 7.7 References .......................................................................................................................... 105 7.8 Further References ............................................................................................................. 106 7.9 Self –test questions ............................................................................................................. 106 GLOSSARY……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………108 REVISION QUESTION…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..109 v
COURSE INTRODUCTION Sociological activity in the United States from about World War I until recently de-emphasized theory. Instructor and teacher and researcher were largely concerned with teaching or learning or digging up factual information about this or that aspect of society, especially American

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