APC chapter5-6.docx - Chapter 5 semantics literal meaning pragmatics consider the conversational circumstances surrounding a speaker's delivery of a

APC chapter5-6.docx - Chapter 5 semantics literal meaning...

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Chapter 5 semantics: literal meaning pragmatics : consider the conversational circumstances surrounding a speaker's delivery of a message Discourse and discourse, small d refers to language in use. Big D is when discussing the combination of language with other social practices(behaviours, values, ways of thinking, clothes, food, customs, perspective) within a specific group. arbitrary : (language is arbitrary) words are not intrinsically connected to what they represent.( its just a symbol, its something that people agree its meaning ambiguous : (language is ambiguous meaning of words aren't clear-cut of fixed. words are the same but meaning varies according to people's unique experiencees abstract : (language is abstract), it is not concrete or tangible. words stand for ideas, people, events, objects, feelings, and so forth, but they are not the things they represent. the word c-a-t is not in fact a real cat. linguistic relativity : the idea that the language a person speaks affects how eh or she perceives the world is commonly referred to as the Sapir-Whorf hypotheisis(Whorf,1956) also referred to as linguistic relativity, or in its most extreme form, linguistic determinism. communication rules: are shared understandings of what communication means and what kinds of communication are appropriate in particular situations.
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