Greek Mythology Lecture Notes.docx - Week 1 Intro to Greek...

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Week 1: Intro to Greek Mythology (Jan 4- 10) Hesiod, Theogony (in Trzaskoma & al. , Anthology of Classical Myth , pp. 129–160); The Song of Kumarbi and The Song of Ullikummi ; the Enuma Elish , tablets I and II According to Apollodorus, Orpheus failed in his mission because he turned around in doubt of the Greek gods. According to Vergil, Orpheus failed in his mission because he looked back at his wife when he was seized by a sudden madness; this was a story about true love. Euripides, Sophocles, and Plato all lived in Athens. Orpheus's wife died after being bitten by a snake Orpheus an allegory to the soul: Orpheus is a symbol of the rational spiritual mind; Eurydice is a symbol of earthly desire; in turning his eyes back to Eurydice, he turned his eyes from heaven and lost it. Orpheus a tale of human culture: Orpheus was a shaman who tried to recover a stolen soul; for this he used music in his rituals; he is an intermediary between the spiritual and human world and cannot bring people back with him. Periods in chronological order: Mycenaean, Dark Ages, Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic, Roman. 2 problems with the Oxford definition of a myth: it presupposes truth about the myth is simple and that we know it; it fails to explain why the myth is valued. 3 things myths can be about: the non-human world, human culture, human mind Unique things about Classical Period: Athens rose in stature; huge flowering of the arts and architecture; rise of Macedon and Alexander the Great; Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle lived during this period. King Agamemnon ruled the city of Mycenae The Library (Bibliotheke) is attributed to Apollodorus but not written by him A cithara is a musical instrument, a small harp An allegory is a story that says one thing on surface and speaks another thing below that surface Evidence that the greek myths were based on older myths: the word “Zeus” meant day, which related to a sanskrit god named "sky father" Our definition of a myth: a story that is shared and important to a community for some reason Unique things about the Archaic Period: Homer and Hesiod lived here; Persian Wars occurred, Xerxes was defeated by Greek Alliance Unique things about the Dark Age: Greeks discovered iron, when the Mycenaeans only had bronze Unique things about the Mycenaean Bronze Age: they developed Linear B Oxford definition of a myth: a widespread but untrue story or belief Solar mythology view of Orpheus: Eurydice means dawn and Orpheus is sun; the first ray of sun glances at the dawn and the dawn fades away, protoscience 23. what was euripedes's account of orpheus? he asked everyone but his wife to die so that he can live; his wife did promise to die for him and he promised
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to love her forever 24. what was the city odysseus came from ithaca 25. what was the most important city in ancient greece athens 26. what was unique about diodorus's take on orpheus it made it
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