Greek Myth Essays.docx - According to the author of the...

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According to the author of the text On the Sublime in the first century AD, ‘Homer has done his best to make the men in the Iliad gods, and the gods men.’ Is this true? Use examples to support your position. When describing a god, we generally think of them as an influential, perfect, all-powerful being while man is imperfect, trivial, and impulsive. In the Iliad, these roles are reversed or as stated in On the Sublime , the men are made into gods and the gods men. The men are made into gods in several different ways within the Iliad. The most obvious example is the way the people worship Achilles as though he is a god.Time after time, the achaean army is in distress because of their loss of Achilles as a warrior. Nestor even proclaims that with Achilles at the front of their army would have all the Trojans fleeing back inside their gates. In an effort to bring him back to battle, Agamemnon offers him gifts as a sort of apology. This is similar to the way man offers sacrifices to the gods to be in their favor. Achilles is worshipped, praised, and put on a pedestal as a type of god in the flesh. Another example of the men acting as gods is their perception of immortality. The men do not fear death, but rather embrace it. They believe that the legends of their heroic deaths with survive them by dying with glory or ‘kleos’. This idea of their legend living on is a type of immortality possessed by the gods. The gods act in such a way that they do not fear death because they don’t have to. The men in the Iliad act with the same mindset despite their impending deaths. In the Iliad, book 12, Agamemnon asks Glaukos why they are treated as immortals and gods. Glaukos responds by saying “We are not privileged, it is our duty.” This is a direct example of the men in the Iliad both acting and being treated as gods. They are treated as gods not because they have good fortune, but because it is necessary. Glaukos believes that the people need role models and men to look up to and that it is their duty to be gods for the people on earth. One last example of the men being made into gods, is their ability to test fate. One might think that if anyone were to be able to test fate, it would be the gods. However, in the Iliad, men are more likely to manipulate it. In book 20, Zeus begins to fear that Achilles will kill all the Trojans in his path while in battle, potentially decimating them before the prophesied time of their conquest. He thus decides to remove his previous order that the gods may not intervene in
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