LINGUISTICS

LINGUISTICS - LINGUISTICS Characteristics 1 2 3 4 5 Universal All normal kids are going to acquire a language Uniformly Rapidity Sequnetiality

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LINGUISTICS Characteristics 1) Universal- All normal kids are going to acquire a language 2) Uniformly 3) Rapidity 4) Sequnetiality 5) Relatively Error Free (typees of mistakes are fairly limited) Corrective feedback- an adult language speaker explicitly corrects a childs grammatical errors Imitation- specific/irregular form will block the application of a general rule Expansion. When adults add on to kids speech to make it look like adult language Motherese- when adults simplify their speech to kids Something about language is inate- Universal grammar Input-----LAD-----FINAL STATE(adult grammar) Problem for UG= language variation Language variation is actually constrained Principles and Parameters- model of UG A. Positive Evidence B. Negative evidence-explicit evidence that X is not possible C. Indirect negative evidence-non-occurrence I. A) 1. Ultimate source of knowledge II. Mechanisms of knowledge acquisition III. Characteristics of the Initial State Behaviorism vs rationalist approach General learning principles- applied across different domains Few mechanisms Appeals to common sense Mind is not an object of study-rather overt,observable behaviors Don’t need to hypothesize Pavlov’s classical conditioning-take a naturally occuring behavior Unconditioned stimulus that triggers behavior
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Problems in the realm of Lx acquisition 1. unconditioned response 2. stimulus 3. belief vs. understanding Skinner- operant conditioning Free operant- naturally occurring behavior c. Responsse chaining- proposed behavioralist answer to the problems of the creative aspect of lx behavior each word- stimulus for next word The modulatiry Hypothesis I. Franz joseph Gall - brain functions organized independently into separate faculties/modules - modules are autonomous
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2008 for the course LING 101 taught by Professor Macaulay during the Fall '08 term at Wisconsin.

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LINGUISTICS - LINGUISTICS Characteristics 1 2 3 4 5 Universal All normal kids are going to acquire a language Uniformly Rapidity Sequnetiality

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