philmidterm

philmidterm - 2. Answer in will to believe(person who...

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2. Answer in will to believe(person who doesn’t trust anyone in social situations) 5. Lecture notes- tolerance and conflict(rather a rational person can debate for a god) In conflict if they cant both be true Smith and Jones The Philosophical Argument How can immaterial minds causally impact bodies? (how do the mind and body interact?) The Scientific problem How can we accomadate mental causes into the physically sciences(52) Causal Closure of the Physical- all physical actions are caused by another physical action(the mind is not physical so cannot cause anything(dualism is false) 1. simpler(no need to go to the mental realm) 2. held true so far(guiding research)(58) 3. to give up is to reject science Dualist- has to reject smith and jones(ccp) Presumption doesn’t mean that something is true (E) for any physical event there is a sufficient/complete physical explanation Question # 1 Problem of Evil a. god is omnipotent b. god exists c. god is omniscient d. god is omnibenovolent You have to give up at least one of them in able to believe the evil exists Because there is an enormous amount of suffering one of the p of the theist view of God must be rejected. Theist response to evil - Free will- evil isn’t ascribed to God but is ascribed to the independent actions of people who have free will given to them by God PROBLEMS - If God made men with free willhe could have made men who only choose good. This shows that God cant be omnipotent and onibenovolent if he in fact cant make men be able to choose only good - If free will is truly free that in itself means he cant control it and therefore God
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cannot be omnipotent - How could God create free will if he cannot control it(not omnipotent) - If evil is caused by human free will what explains natural disasters? 2 nd theist response Good cant exist without evil and good and evil are counterparts - that in itself limits Gods power. If god cannot create good without creating evil either god isnot omnipotent or there is a limit to omipotenece Question #2: James and believing in God with no evidence The Three parts of the question 1) Explain how you can believe in something with no evidence 2) How does this become a good explanation for God 3) Is this a good argument 1) Explain how you can believe in something with no evidence a. James believes that it is in our best interest to believe in something versus nothing i. “Our passional nature not only lawfully may but must decide an option between propositions whenever it is a genuine option that cannot by its nature be decided on intellectual grounds; for to say under such circumstances ‘Do not decide but leave the question open’ is itself a passional decision – just like saying yes or no – and is attended with the same risk of losing the truth.” (pg 129 bottom) 1. You are losing the same amount by not making a decision as you are by saying yes or no. 2.
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2008 for the course PHIL 101 taught by Professor Shapiro during the Fall '06 term at Wisconsin.

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philmidterm - 2. Answer in will to believe(person who...

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