WR Lecture Video Notes_Middle East #3.docx - WR Lecture Video Notes Middle East#3 Water in the Middle East 400-500 million people live in the Middle

WR Lecture Video Notes_Middle East #3.docx - WR Lecture...

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WR Lecture Video Notes: Middle East #3 Water in the Middle East 400-500 million people live in the Middle East Aquifer—underground layer of water-bearing permeable rocks from which ground water can be extracted Mecca was built on an aquifer o Most important and holy city of Islam Wasia-Biyadh Aquifer o Spans Saudi Arabia to Southern Iraq Are not friends o North Side and South Side o Used by the Saudis to irrigate the desert for agriculture o Doesn’t work because of how hot the desert is The land becomes filled with salt Saudi Arabia has high rate of evapotranspiration o Evapotranspiration—the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration of water from the earth’s surface into the atmosphere Great Man-Made River o Network of water pipes that send water to major towns and cities in Libya o Source: Nubian Sandstone Aquifer o World’s largest irrigation project o Idea of Muammar Kaddafi
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