Civil Rights Review.doc - Civil Rights Movement Review Sheet Quick Reference 1 Court Cases Plessy v Ferguson Brown v Board of Education Brown II 2

Civil Rights Review.doc - Civil Rights Movement Review...

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Civil Rights Movement Review Sheet Quick Reference: 1) Court Cases: Plessy v. Ferguson an 1896 case in which the Supreme Court ruled that separation of the races in public accommodations was legal. Brown v. Board of Education 1954 case in which the Supreme Court ruled that "separate but equal" education for black and white students was unconstitutional. Brown II In this court case, the process of implementing the previous decision was decided upon and it was ruled that public schools must be desegregated with quick speed. 2) Legislation: Civil Rights Act of 1875 was a United States federal law enacted during the Reconstruction Era in response to civil rights violations to African Americans, "to protect all citizens in their civil and legal rights ", giving them equal treatment Civil Rights Act of 1957 It gave attorney general power over school segregation and made federal government responsible for violations of african american voting rights Civil Rights Act of 1964 This act made racial, religious, and sex discrimination by employers illegal and gave the government the power to enforce all laws governing civil rights, including desegregation of schools and public places. Voting Rights Act of 1965 invalidated the use of any test or device to deny the vote and authorized federal examiners to register voters in states that had disenfranchised blacks; as more blacks became politically active and elected black representatives Civil Rights Act of 1968 t his law banned discrimination in housing, the segregation of education, transportation, and employment, it helped African Americans gain their full voting rights. 3) People: Thurgood Marshall American civil rights lawyer, first black justice on the Supreme Court of the United States. Marshall was a tireless advocate for the rights of minorities and the poor. Elizabeth Eckford 1st African American to enter an all-white school. Rosa Parks NAACP officer, boycotts bus segregation Martin Luther King, Jr. " Soul Force", led non-violent protests to fight for civil rights James Meredith First black student admitted to the University of Mississippi, shot during a civil rights march in 1966 George Wallace Third party candidate whose conservative, hawkish 1968 campaign
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