IRACST – International Journal of Computer Networks and Wireless Communications (IJCNWC), ISSN: 2250-3501 Vol.6, No 6, Nov-Dec 201635Geofencing: A Generic Approach to Real Time Location based Tracking System Manishaben Dahyabhai Dabhi Assistant Professor, Smt.B.K.Mehta IT Centre (B.C.A college) Affiliated to Hem. North Gujarat University ,Patan Gujarat, India Abstract: Digitization has changed the way of thinking as well as the life style of people. With the eve of rapid invention new technology, Real time location tracking and monitoring of physical object become essential where authorized access is needed to some geographical area and unauthorized access should be restricted. Nowadays different measures for Real Time Location System (RTLS) are available. Among them the concepts mentioned in this paper is Geofencing, a virtual barrier around geographical area which allows mobile app or physical object to work on the basis of real time data provided by it. Geofencing can be implemented either with GPS or BEACONS or RFID.This paper includes the definition of Geofencing, working of Geofencing, comparisons of technology used to implement concept of Geofencing, Geofencing uses and advantages. As mentioned in this paper user can select either GPS or RFID or BECONS to implement the concept of Geofencing on the basis of requirement. Keywords-component; Geofencing,RTLS,GPS,RFID,FAA,SKU I.INTRODUCTIONDefinition: Geofencing is virtual barrier or geographical border or virtual perimeter around a single point with predefined set of boundaries on geographical area mapped either with Global Positioning System (GPS) or RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) or beacons or some other technology available, .Geofencing can also be considered as a feature of software program of GPS with a space based radio navigation system. Introduction: Geo-fence apps and tools monitor when mobile devices or other physical objects enter or exit an established geo-fenced area and provide administrators with alerts when there’s a change in status for a device. These alerts can take the form of text messages, e-mail notifications, phone calls or similar means of communication. Programs that incorporate geo-fencing allow an administrator to set up triggers so when a device enters (or exits) the boundaries defined by the administrator, a text message or email alert is sent. Many geo-fencing applications incorporate Google Earth, allowing administrators to define boundaries on top of a satellite view of a specific geographical area. Other applications define boundaries by longitude and latitude or through user-created and Web-based maps.
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