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POLITICS AND THE STATE Legitimacy and political stability Functionalist approach: focuses on the role or purpose of state institutions Organizational approach: defines the state as the ‘public’ apparatus of government (e.g. bureaucracy, police, courts, social security system) International approach: views the state primarily as an actor on the world stage, as the basic ‘unit’ of international politics Key features of the state Sovereignty ‘Public’ character Exercise in legitimation Instrument in domination Territorial association Features of the state in international law A defined territory A permanent population An effective government Relations with other states Rival theories of the state The pluralist state: the state is a ‘referee’ in society The capitalist state: the state cannot be understood separately from the economic structure of society
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Christopher Reinemann
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