lecture06community.ppt - Orchard Road Singapore January...

This preview shows page 1 - 10 out of 30 pages.

City & Community Orchard Road, Singapore, January 2010 (Elvin Wyly)
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

An “elusive” but “warmly persuasive” word... The word was first used in the English language in the 14th Century “to refer to a ‘body of commons’ or a social or political entity.” The academic, novelist, and cultural theorist Raymond Williams (1921-1988), in his influential 1976 book Keywords , identified 80 distinct ways the word had been used by scholars and theorists. Williams concluded that “community” was an “elusive” but “warmly persuasive” word. See George Yudice (2005). “Community.” In Tony Bennett, Lawrence Grossberg, and Meaghan Morris, eds. New Keywords: A Revised Vocabulary of Culture and Society. Malden, MA: Blackwell, pp. 51-54
Image of page 2
Theories of Urban Community 1. What is a community? 2. Classical urban theory and the rural-urban shift 3. Reconsidering the rural-urban typology 4. New perspectives on urban community
Image of page 3

Subscribe to view the full document.

1. What is a Community? “Community” refers to a. A group of people sharing a physical space, b. A group of people who share an easily- identified trait, preference, or activity, or c. A group of people who share a strong and durable identity and culture, marked by a high degree of social interaction and social cohesion.
Image of page 4
Shared physical space Sha red i dentity or cultur e Sh ared preferences and ac tivit i es
Image of page 5

Subscribe to view the full document.

2. Classical Urban Theory: The rural-urban shift Berlin, 1891
Image of page 6
Ferdinand Tönnies (1855-19 [Image from approximately 1915] Ferdinand Tönnies (1855-1936) became a prominent sociologist in Germany, and published more than 900 scholarly works. He is best known, however, for his 1887 book Gemeinschaft und Gesellschaft. “Gemeinschaft” means “community”: for Tönnies, this meant the strong family ties and traditional authority of preindustrial, rural life. “Gesellschaft” means “society”: the fast-paced, transient, and impersonal nature of life in the city, “in the public sphere, in the outside world” of expanding urbanization.
Image of page 7

Subscribe to view the full document.

“All kinds of social co-existence that are familiar, comfortable, and exclusive are to be understood as belonging to Gemeinschaft . Gesellschaft means life in the public sphere, in the outside world. In Gemeinschaft we are united from the moment of our birth with our own folk for better or worse. We go out into Gesellschaft as if into a foreign land. A young man is warned about mixing with bad society: but ‘bad community’ makes no sense in our language.” Ferdinand Tonnies (1887). Community and Civil Society . Reprinted and translated by Jose Harris. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001, p. 18. “everyone who praises rural life has pointed to the fact that people there have a stronger and livelier sense of Community. Community means genuine, enduring life together, whereas Society is a transient and superficial thing.” Ferdinand Tonnies (1887). Community and Civil Society . Reprinted and translated by Jose Harris. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001, p. 18.
Image of page 8
Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) was a French sociologist who sought to refine Auguste Comte’s philosophy of positivism, and to
Image of page 9

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 10
  • Fall '12
  • Wyly
  • Sociology, urban social relations, Louis Wirth, Classical Urban Theory

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern