first.ppt - This is the Carta que comprehende a map of all...

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This is the Carta que comprehende , “a map of all that is known,” summarizing Spanish knowledge of British Columbia in late 1791. The Spanish had long regarded the Pacific Ocean as their own, and were concerned when Russians sent expeditions from Kamchatka to the Aleutian Islands. The Viceroy of New Spain (Mexico) sent an expedition northward from Monterey, California, and this was the result: the first European map of what is today the city of Vancouver (with gaps in the shoreline). (“Vancouver’s Island” is written in pencil across the original map, which is now in the collections of the U.S. Library of
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“We have no history here!” “Right: Like it was all just green wild-land until the Anglos made their mark and gave this place a timeline” -- the journalist Kamala Todd, writing in the Vancouver Sun , August 2003. Vancouver was built on a myth of empty land: Coast Salish people “have been erased from the picture, written out of the story, pushed aside as irrelevant or obstacles.” first. nation. city. 1. past 2. presen 3. future “Time present and time past Are both perhaps present in time future, And time future contained in time past.” T.S. Elliot, 1935. Thomas Stearns Eliot (1888-1965), Four Quartets, ‘Burnt Norton,’ quoted in Una McGovern, ed. (2005). Webster’s New World Dictionary of Quotations. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, p. 307.
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The word “aboriginal” comes from the Latin phrase ab origine , meaning “the original founders,” or “from the "Tribes of Southern South America, at the first European contact period." From Handbook of South American Indians. Volume 1 The Marginal Tribes. Edited by Julian H. Steward. Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology, 1946. of civilizations with the idea of a singular, Western civilization defined in opposition to what was being taken or destroyed. “Indigenous peoples often had no single name to describe themselves before there was a colonizing Other to make this necessary. The Maori (meaning ‘ordinary’ or ‘the people’) of New Zealand did not describe themselves as such until they were aware of Pakeha (‘not Maori’ or Europeans). They knew and named themselves as members of kin-based groups, as is still the case.” Eric Pawson (2009). “Aboriginality.” In Derek Gregory, Ron Johnston, Geraldine Pratt, Michael J. Watts, and Sarah Whatmore, eds., The Dictionary of Human Geography, Fifth Edition . Malden, MA: Wiley- Blackwell, 1-2. 1. past
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Humans first appeared in the Fraser Valley between 8,000 to 6,000 BCE, just after the most recent Ice Age. Within a large group of “Coast Salish” peoples, the Fraser Valley included about twenty separate First Nations in the Halq’emeylem ethnic/language group. Many today identify as Stó:lō, “people of the river,” but some groups -- the Tsawwassen, the Musqueam, the Katzie, and the Semiahmoo -- consider themselves separate. The Squamish and Tseil Waututh (Burrard) First Nations are also separate from the Halq’emeylem .
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  • Fall '12
  • Wyly
  • Vancouver, Lower Mainland, British Columbia Press, Cole Harris, Graeme Wynn

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