Cultural Anthropology Exam Study Guide

Cultural Anthropology Exam Study Guide - Cultural...

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Cultural Anthropology Exam Study Guide Below are some terms and concepts taken from the readings, lectures, and videos seen in class. This is not a comprehensive list, but is meant to help you structure your studying as you go through the material. Please keep in mind that you are responsible for ALL of the material covered in this section of the class, and this is just meant to serve as a guide (hence the term). When studying, don.t just pay attention to the definition of each term, but also the significance as it relates to the context in which it is found. Relevant chapter numbers are in parentheses. The Forest People BaMbuti – General term for Pygmies of Ituri forest; what the village people call the Pygmies, “people of the forest”. Been there for thousands of years, maybe oldest inhabitants of africa and trust the forest greatly. o Hunter and gatherers o No taller than four and a half feet; run swiftly and fast – need to in order to survive o Have sense of humor o Patrilineal descent o Don’t like contempt (ignoring) and ridicule o No chiefs (only villagers have chiefs) o Believe in deity or super natural power which they identify with the forest; they don’t consider this magic, don’t believe in magic o Three linguistic groups from negros, but lost their own language o Believe in the goodness of the forest o Everything settles itself despite the lack of organization bopi – children’s playground o water shallow there o swings o far enough away not be in the way, but close enough not to be in danger o way to preoccupy kids especially when some have to stay back because many of the bambuti are out hunting Camp Putnam – an establishment made by Patrick Putnam on the banks of the Epulu river o Changed after Patrick was not there anymore. Named Epulu then. o Attracting Pygmy labor, pygmies could be paid even less than any other tribe o Kenge spent much time here o No women allowed??????? o Basically Patrick was the chief o Village with many different tribes o Where the author, Turnbull, stayed o Where the final stages of elima were Cephu – Big chief so had his own band since pygmies don’t have chiefs; in general bad o Real name actually Sefu o Best story teller o Never participated in the molimo o Offense: named dead women, his mother o Isolated himself from others o Stole meat from others by hunting without the other pygmies; set net up infront of others o Cephu’s hunting group o “stole” meat from other pygmies by setting up net in front of them when hunting gender roles o women did very little in relation to hunting o women essential part to the economy; without a wife a man was not able to do many things
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o patrilineal society o men hunt o men are the keepers of the molimo ; women think molimo is a real animal but really not o few occupations reserved for either men or women crime o Kelemoke committed incest (part of cephu’s tribe); almost got put into the forest but didn’t o No strict system so everything was a cooperative affair relating to punishment
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Cultural Anthropology Exam Study Guide - Cultural...

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